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Letterbook, 1771-1778 [manuscript]
Bib ID 2812508
Format ManuscriptManuscript
Author
Cook, James, 1728-1779
 
Access Conditions Available for research. Not for loan. 
Description 1771-1778 
2 items. 
Summary

Letterbook, 1771-1778 - chiefly orders to and from the Admiralty, Navy Commissioners, and Victualling Commissioners; Cook's orders to his officers and alterations to his staff caused by officers' deaths. Also a typescript list comparing the letterbook with the Historical Records of N.S.W. (58 p.).

Biography/History

James Cook (1729-1779) was a noted explorer, navigator and hydrographer. In 1769 he reached New Zealand and charted its coastline. Cook sailed further west and the coast of New South Wales was sighted in April 1770. Sailing north he charted 5000 miles of the eastern coastline with great accuracy. Cook landed at Botany Bay and collected many botanical and biological specimens for later study. He took formal possession of New Zealand and New South Wales for England. Cook's second expedition sailed far south and thus confirmed that a great southern continent did not exist. On his third voyage to explore the Pacific coasts of North America and Siberia, Cook visited the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) but was killed here in 1779. Cook was also known for successfully dealing with scurvy amongst his crew, a common disease at that time.

Notes

Manuscript reference no.: MS 6.

Cited In

Guide to collection of manuscripts relating to Australia ; A624.

Subjects Cook, James, - 1728-1779 - Correspondence.  |  Great Britain. - Admiralty - Archives.  |  Endeavour (Ship)  |  Explorers - Great Britain - Correspondence.  |  Voyages around the world.
Time Coverage 1771-1778 
Occupation Explorers  |  Sailors
Other authors/contributors Great Britain. Admiralty

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    Members of Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and Maori communities are advised that this catalogue contains names and images of deceased people. All users of the catalogue should also be aware that certain words, terms or descriptions may be culturally sensitive and may be considered inappropriate today, but may have reflected the author's/creator's attitude or that of the period in which they were written.