The main purpose of this study was to identify teachers' level of morale and satisfaction, and to determine which work site conditions most affect teacher morale. Also, the study determined whether teacher morale and satisfaction are affected by teacher ethnicity, gender, age, years of teaching experience, amount of college training, and level of teaching assignment (elementary, middle school, and high school). Twenty-five percent of the regular teaching population on Guam was sampled. They completed the Purdue Teacher Opinionaire (PTO), which yields an overall satisfaction score and 10 subscores reflecting satisfaction with 10 work site conditions. A single item asked teachers to estimate their personal level of morale. A single item was devised for respondents in each of the four ethnic groups to determine their level of satisfaction with Guam's geographical isolation. The morale of Guam teachers was found to be average, but not high.
Filipinos have a higher level of satisfaction on all work site factors than do Chamorros, and their level of satisfaction is higher than Caucasians on 10 of 11 work site factors. Their higher level of satisfaction may be because many Filipino teachers on Guam have relocated from the Philippines where the standard of living for teachers is lower. Female teachers overall express more satisfaction than do males. Morale of elementary teachers was found to correlate highly (r =.66) with their satisfaction with their building principal. Morale of middle school teachers was most affected by their satisfaction with the curriculum (r =.46). Morale of high school teachers was highly related to satisfaction with a variety of work site factors, most notable classroom instruction (r =.53) and teacher status (r =.49).
No significant differences in work site satisfaction or morale were found for teachers varying in age, years of teaching experience, amount of college training, or current level of teaching. The single scale item measuring morale correlated highly with PTO overall satisfaction score (r =.56), indicating that teacher morale is a related, but different psychological construct than teacher satisfaction.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 48-11, Section: A, page: 2779.
Thesis (Educat.D.)--University of Oregon, 1987.