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Journal of H.M.S. Endeavour, 1768-1771 [manuscript]
Bib ID 3525402
Format ManuscriptManuscript, OnlineOnline
Author
Cook, James, 1728-1779
 
Online Versions
Related Online
Resources
Description [1768-1771] 
753 p. fol. 
Summary

Holograph journal, written entirely in James Cook's hand, of the voyage of H.M.S. Endeavour during which Cook discovered eastern Australia and circumnavigated New Zealand. Bound with the journal is a copy of a report from John Hutchinson, surgeon of the Dolphin to Capt. Samuel Wallis, 16th May 1768, of observations on the effects of saloop, portable soup, mustard and vinegar, distilled water and beef fat on scurvy. For further details and publications of the journal see J.C. Beaglehole (ed.) "The journals of Captain Cook" I cxciv-cciv.

Biography/History

James Cook was born in 1728 in Yorkshire. Apprenticed to a coal shipper in Whitby he began to learn the skills of sound navigation and accurate charting. In 1755 he joined the Royal Navy and steadily advanced. In North America he took part in the siege of Quebec City, and began coastal surveys of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. In 1768 Cook was promoted to become commander of Endeavour Bark sent to Tahiti to observe the transit of Venus. The Admiralty in 'secret instructions' asked Cook to find the mythical southern continent. In 1769 Cook circumnavigated New Zealand, charted its coast and took formal possession for England. On 19 April 1770 Cook sighted another coastline. Sailing north Cook landed at Botany Bay. And charted 5000 miles of coastline with great accuracy. Cook took formal possession of New South Wales for England. In 1772 Cook led a second expedition to confirm the great south land. In 1777, Cook's third voyage explored the Pacific coasts of North America and Siberia. Cook was killed on 14 February 1779 in the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii).

Notes

Manuscript reference no.: MS 1.

Inscription: "Remarkable occurrences on board His Majesty's Bark Endeavour" -- In ink at top of first pages in journal.

The Endeavour journal was inscribed on UNESCO's Memory of the World Register in 2001.

Cook's journal is also available on microfilm.

CD-ROM facsimile; Published as Endeavour : Captain Cook's journal, 1768-71 (National Library of Australia and National Maritime Museum, 1999).

Photocopy available for research.

Also available in an electronic version via the Internet at: http:/­/­nla.gov.au/­nla.ms-ms1

Cited In

Guide to collections of manuscripts relating to Australia ; A594.

Subjects Cook, James, - 1728-1779 - Archives.  |  Endeavour (Ship)  |  Explorers - Great Britain - Archives.  |  Voyages around the world.  |  Scurvy.  |  Australia - Discovery and exploration.  |  New Zealand - Discovery and exploration.
Time Coverage 1768-1771 
Occupation Explorers.
Other authors/contributors Hutchinson, John  |  Wallis, Samuel, 1728-1795
Also Titled

Endeavour journal

Cook's journal

Exhibited Exhibited: "Treasures Gallery", National Library of Australia, 7 October 2011 - 15 December 2012. 

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Members of Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and Maori communities are advised that this catalogue contains names and images of deceased people. All users of the catalogue should also be aware that certain words, terms or descriptions may be culturally sensitive and may be considered inappropriate today, but may have reflected the author's/creator's attitude or that of the period in which they were written.