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Application of Criterion-Referencing to Schools [microform] / John Fremer
Bib ID 5250600
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Fremer, John
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1974 
18 p. 
Summary

The definitions of norm-reference" and "criterion-referenced" tests and the applications of them are discussed. A norm-referenced test is one that yields scores which are interpreted through the use of norms. Applications of these include survey achievement tests, college selection tests, aptitude batteries, and armed services classification tests. The word "criterion" has been used with two different meanings. Psychologists and educational researchers use the term as a specific standard against which learning performance is judged. Measurement people use the word to refer to prformance in the real world against which test performance will be validated. There are also differences in approach to the word "referencing." It is suggested that criterion-referenced tests can be differentiated from norm-referenced tests in that they do not focus on the problem of individual differences. The problem of developing criterion-referenced tests is discussed. An assessment program is an appropriate place to apply criterion-referenced concepts and techniques, as specific information on students' attainment of objectives can be collected. (CK)

Notes

ERIC Note: Paper based on a presentation at the Annual Conference of the Educational Records Bureau (N.Y., N.Y. November 1973).

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Criterion Referenced Tests.  |  Data Collection.  |  Measurement Techniques.  |  Norm Referenced Tests.  |  Research Reports.  |  Student Evaluation.  |  Test Construction.
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Members of Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and Maori communities are advised that this catalogue contains names and images of deceased people. All users of the catalogue should also be aware that certain words, terms or descriptions may be culturally sensitive and may be considered inappropriate today, but may have reflected the author's/creator's attitude or that of the period in which they were written.