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Reading by Sight. Topics in Early Reading Coherence [microform] / Sebastian Wren
Bib ID 5686263
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Wren, Sebastian
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 2001 
5 p. 
Summary

When children first learn that symbols can be used to represent ideas or spoken words, they begin with the assumption that the whole symbol represents the whole word. To become competent readers with reading vocabularies in the 50,000-75,000 word range, children need to learn to decode words rather than simply memorizing them. Decoding words is much more generative and flexible and requires much less attention and memory. Children who can decode words are able to break down new, unfamiliar words, and arrive at a phonological code that they can communicate with others. An often stated goal of many reading teachers, reading programs, and even state standards documents, however, is that the teacher will enhance the child's repertoire of "sight words." The concept of sight words has foundations in the "Look-Say" approach to reading instruction, and the sight word lists that were created before World War II, such as the Dolch list, are still used. There is no clear empirical evidence that teaching very young children to memorize a few basic and common words is harmful. However, teaching children in the first and second grades to memorize words only detracts from one of the primary goals of reading instruction--as early as possible, children need to learn to attend to the letters within the words, and to decode the words, and children need to become so proficient at this skills that words are decoded rapidly and effortlessly. (NKA)

Notes

Availability: Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, 211 E. 7th St., Austin, TX 78701-3281. Tel: 800-476-6861 (Toll Free); Web site: http://www.sedl.org. For full text: http://www.sedl.org/reading/topics.html.

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Beginning Reading.  |  Decoding (Reading)  |  Primary Education.  |  Reading Instruction.  |  Sight Method.  |  Student Educational Objectives.  |  Teacher Role.  |  Dolch Basic Sight Vocabulary Southwest Educational Development Laboratory
Form/genre Opinion Papers.
Other authors/contributors Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX
Available From ERIC 

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Members of Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and Maori communities are advised that this catalogue contains names and images of deceased people. All users of the catalogue should also be aware that certain words, terms or descriptions may be culturally sensitive and may be considered inappropriate today, but may have reflected the author's/creator's attitude or that of the period in which they were written.