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Aboriginals of Australia / by W. Baldwin Spencer
Bib ID 1887015
Format BookBook
Spencer, Baldwin, Sir, 1860-1929
Description Melbourne : Govt. Printer, [1914?] 
[53] p. : ill., plates, map. 

Origin theory including Tasmanians, personal appearance, hair form, no relation of cicatrization to tribal or totemic groups in central & northern tribes except Melville Island; tribal organization, moieties, sections, subsection divisions; examples of tribal moiety (Dieri); 2 moiety class (Pitta Pitta - Roth) & Kamilaroi (Howitt & Fison), 2 or 4 classes of Arunta, Karriara, Warramunga (Bates), 4 class moiety of Mara tribe; no class organization of Kurnai & Kakadu; totemic systems & totemism examples of variations in social aspect, group, sex totem Kurnai, Dieri, Kamilaroi, Whakelbura, Arunta, Ilpirra, Unmatjera, Kaitish, Warramunga, Tjingilli, Binbinga; secret ritual, magical & ceremonial aspects of Arunta, use of messenger, ritual objects, tribal gathering, fire initiation, birds down & blood decorations; belief in descent from totemic animal, increase ceremonies of snake, Intichiuma, grub totem; women & childrens activities East Pilbara, dreaming increase; Kurnai initiation ceremony, Tundun summons other groups, ceremonial ground, tooth avulsion; various grades of Arunta initiation; showing sacred objects, instruction in laws & food restrictions, body painting, tossing, circumcision, sub-incision, Engwura; special status names; no mutilation north coastal areas, ober ground Kakadu, bullroarers shown to Larakia initiates, yam ceremony Melville Island, girls participation; after death beliefs, Arunta, totemic centres; Arunta spirit children beliefs, Qld. tribes Warramunga, Kakadu, Broome tribes; Great beings, medicine men, pointing bones, singing, use of hair, kidney fat, therapeutic magic; death due to magic, mortuary & mourning rites, Arunta & Warramunga, burial Boulia district, tree burial Mara, Binbinga, grave posts Melville & Bathurst Islands; cutting implements - axes, knives, adzes, spearheads, grinding mills, pounders, playing stones, sinkers; boomerangs, clubs & spears, wood, stone or bone heads, wooden troughs, baskets, shields, hair string, fishing nets, clothing; art, decorated shields south-eastern Australia, use of ochre, 3 types design, incision - Murray River, coastal N.S.W. & Victoria, grave trees N.S.W., rock engravings near Sydney; painting on weapons, bodies, ground, rock & bark; ceremonial designs, snake totem - Warramunga, other ceremonies; map gives distribution of various groups of tribes.


"Reprinted from the Federal Handbook of Australia, issued in connexion with the visit of the British Association for the Advancement of Science to Australia, 1914."

Subjects Aboriginal Australians.  |  Pitta Pitta / Bittha Bittha people (G6) (Qld SF54-10)  |  Gubbi Gubbi / Kabi Kabi / Gabi Gabi people (E29) (Qld SG56-06)  |  Yuin people (S67) (NSW SI56-13)  |  Yagalingu people (E43) (Qld SF55-14)  |  Diyari / Dieri people (L17) (SA SH54-01)  |  Anmatyerre / Anmatyerr people (C8.1) (NT SF53-09)  |  Mara / Marra people (N112) (NT SD53-11)  |  Warumungu people (C18) (NT SE53-10)  |  Gaagudju / Gagadju / Gagadyu people (N50) (NT SD53-01)  |  Warlpiri people (C15) (NT SF52-04)  |  Arabana / Arabunna people (L13) (SA SH53-03)  |  Gamilaraay / Gamilaroi / Kamilaroi people (D23) (NSW SH55-12)  |  Binbinga people (N138) (NT SE53-03)  |  Larrakia / Laragiya / Gulumirrgin people (N21) (NT SD52-04)  |  Ngunawal / Ngunnawal people (D3) (NSW SI55-16)  |  Kaytetye / Kaytej people (C13) (NT SF53-06)  |  Jingulu / Djingili / Jingili people (C22) (NT SE53-06)  |  Arrernte / Aranda people (C8) (NT SG53-02)  |  Ngarrindjeri / Narrinjeri people (S69) (SA SI54-13)  |  Gurdanji / Kurdanji / Gudanji people (C26) (NT SE53-07)  |  Yorta Yorta / Yota Yota people (D2) (NSW SI55-13)  |  Kurnai / Gunai people (S68) (Vic SJ55)  |  Kariyarra people (W39) (WA SF50-10)  |  River Murray (SW NSW, N Vic, SE SA SI54, SI55)  |  East Pilbara area (WA SF50, SF51)  |  Sydney (NSW SI56-05)  |  South Australia - Central Australia (SA SG52, SG53)  |  North West New South Wales (NW NSW SH54, SH55, SI54)  |  Northern New South Wales (N NSW SH55, SH56)  |  Southwest New South Wales (SW NSW SI54, SI55)  |  Kakadu / Alligator Rivers area (NT SD53-01, SD53-05)  |  Northern Territory Top End (NT)  |  East Queensland (E Qld SF55, SF56)  |  Queensland Far North West (Qld Far NW SE54)  |  Wupipi / Broome (WA West Kimberley SE51-06)  |  South Central Northern Territory (NT)  |  Boulia (Qld Far West SF54-10)  |  Victoria (Vic)  |  Tasmania (Tas)  |  Bathurst Island (NT SC52-15)  |  South West Queensland (SW Qld SG54, SG55, SH54, SH55)  |  Yermalner / Melville Island (NT SC52-16)


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