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Tiwi wives : a study of the women of Melville Island, North Australia / Jane C. Goodale
Bib ID 1987317
Format BookBook
Goodale, Jane C. (Jane Carter), 1926-
Description Seattle : University of Washington Press c1971 
xxiv, 368 p. : ill., map ; 23 cm. 

Monograph (American Ethnological Society) ; 51.


p.3-23; Describes Melville Island (gives myth of creation of island), history (Malay contact, early European discoveries); concepts of land ownership (map shows approximate location of owner groups), tables show group affiliations; matrilineal descent groups; age divisions (gives vocabulary of terms); p.24- 42; Camp and camp life, shelters, rearing of female children, childhood, naming, discipline to children; p.43-68; Marriage, marital relations, puberty, menstrual taboos, choice of son in law, relationship with future mother in law, types of marriage contracts; p.69-129; Social structure, matrilineal sibling sets, phratries, moieties, marriage exchange, patrilineal sibling sets, residential groups & landholding groups, kinship & marriage contracts, gives examples from two genealogies explaining contracts; p.130-150; Pregnancy & motherhood, extra marital relations, battle after elopement, conception beliefs & dreams, pregnancy beliefs, killing of one twin, methods of producing abortion, birth, adoption; p.151-182; Economic role, division of labour, food - mens & womens foods listed, womens hunting equipment dogs, axe, containers, fire; menss equipment spears, canoes & paddles, throwing sticks, clubs; hunting methods, food preparation & distribution, food beliefs, control of resources, special food plants & their treatment (cycad nuts, wild cashew, kulama yams); p.183-225; Kulama ceremony, 1954 ceremony described in detail, English version only of songs given, body decorations, dancing, initiation, age of initiation, body decoration, compares 1912 ceremony witnessed by Spencer; p.226-253; Old age, menopause, illness, sorcery, remedies for sickness, death, gives English text of myth of death, spirit beliefs, after death beliefs, burial, gives examples of rituals for infant boy & elderly man, also describes ritual for baptised man; p.254-329; Pukamani, detailed discussion of ceremony stage by stage, taboos, body decorations & ornaments, sending messengers and selecting workers, Pukamani and kinship, ritual roles & duties, preliminary rituals, songs & dances, song styles, gives English versions only of examples, subjects of songs, dance forms, ornaments & ritual objects, payment, grave poles & their manufacture; economic aspects; final rituals, describes ceremony for adult woman; p.330-339; Tiwi world view & values, spirit beliefs, sexual relations, personal achievements; p.341-349; Glossary of c.250 items (general vocabulary kinship terms, ritual names etc.)


Includes index.

Bibliography: p. 351-357.

Subjects Women, Tiwi.  |  Tiwi (Australian people) -- Social life and customs.  |  Communications - Messengers.  |  Reproduction - Childbirth.  |  Trade and exchange.  |  Children.  |  Weapons - Clubs and fighting sticks.  |  Music - Vocal.  |  Religion - Rites - Increase.  |  Reproduction - Abortion.  |  Religion - Rites - Kulama yam.  |  Psychology - Dreams and symbolism.  |  Gender relations - Elopement.  |  Social organisation - Kinship - Kinship terms.  |  Magic and sorcery - Clever people.  |  Social organisation - Kinship - Systems - Moieties.  |  Transport - Water - Canoes.  |  Adolescence - Puberty.  |  Reproduction - Menstruation.  |  Body - Decoration.  |  Social behaviour - Socialisation - Child rearing.  |  Aged.  |  Social organisation - Kinship - Matrilineal systems.  |  Ceremonies - Initiation.  |  Settlement and contacts - Macassans and Indonesians.  |  Weapons - Spears.  |  Land rights - Ownership.  |  Death - Mortuary / funeral ceremonies.  |  Child welfare - Adoption and fostering.  |  Technology - Stone - Axes / hatchets.  |  Social organisation - Avoidance rules - Avoidance relationships.  |  Death - Mortuary / funeral ceremonies - Mortuary objects - Poles.  |  Transport - Water - Paddles.  |  Stories and motifs - Creation / Cosmology.  |  Health - Physiology and diseases.  |  Family - Mothers in law.  |  Tiwi language (N20) (NT SC52-16)  |  Language - Vocabulary - Human classification.  |  Indigenous knowledge - Health and medicine.  |  Social organisation - Kinship - Marriage.  |  Language - Personal names.  |  Indigenous knowledge - World view.  |  Religion - After death beliefs.  |  Feuds and warfare.  |  Sex relations - Extramarital.  |  Family - Siblings.  |  Environment - Land management - Fire.  |  Tiwi people (N20) (NT SC52-16)  |  Reproduction - Conception.  |  Health status - Child health.  |  Food - Plants - Yams.  |  Social organisation - Kinship - Systems - Patrilineal systems.  |  Weapons - Throwing sticks.  |  Settlement and contacts - Explorers.  |  Language - Vocabulary - Plant names.  |  Language - Vocabulary - Food, cooking and fire.  |  Hunting.  |  Plants - Cycads.  |  Religions - Christianity - Ceremonies - Baptisms and christenings.  |  History - Genealogy and family history.  |  Gathering.  |  Ceremonies - Women.  |  Gender relations - Division of labour.  |  Yermalner / Melville Island (NT SC52-16)  |  Australian
Other authors/contributors American Ethnological Society


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