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Motor vehicle pollution in Australia : report on the National In-Service Vehicle Emissions Study / prepared by the Federal Office of Road Safety
Bib ID 2712666
Format BookBook
Author
Australia. Federal Office of Road Safety
 
Description Canberra, A.C.T. : Australian Govt. Pub. Service, 1996 
xvi, 97, 95 p. : ill. ; 30 cm. + 1 computer laser optical disk (4 3/4 in.) 
ISBN 0644360909
Summary

The following points summarise Australia's car pollution situation and the potential for improvement: a well-maintained passenger car fleet could reduce pollution to between 9% and 25% below existing levels; these reductions would be accompanied by substantial greenhouse gas reductions and fuel savings of around $200m per annum; the average cost of servicing, repairing and adjusting a car to achieve the above results is around $200 at typical 1996 motor vehicle repair industry rates; evaporative emissions of hydrocarbons appear to create a major problem and there is some doubt as to whether the current certification test sets adequate 'real world' design criteria for manufacturers to follow; relatively low cost, effective tests are available to identify polluting cars. One simple dynamometer-based test (SS60 test) appears to offer the optimum combination of correlation with the Australian Design Rules (ADRs) and capability to select cars that will benefit most from tuning. It is important to note that there are two key aspects of this study: 1. Do cars generally continue to meet the ADRs? 2. Can emission levels be reduced by maintenance? While the first question is important in assessing the performance of vehicles (and manufacturers) against new car standards, the second is the relevant issue for planners - can simple tuning measures reduce the effect of vehicles on urban air quality? This study shows that the answer to the second question is 'yes'. It also gives guidance on various other approaches. Conservation of the study findings lead to the conclusion that managing urban air quality from the vehilce perspective requires a careful balance of new car standards and in-service management policies. The NISE study report provides a solid foundation for development of these policies. not to the same

Notes

"May 1996"

Also available in electronic format.

Subjects Automobiles -- Australia -- Motors -- Exhaust gas.  |  Air -- Pollution -- Australia.  |  Greenhouse gases -- Australia.

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