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Enforcing the law : the case of the Clean Water Acts / Susan Hunter and Richard W. Waterman
Bib ID 2723855
Format BookBook
Author
Hunter, Susan, 1947-
 
Description Armonk, N.Y. : M.E. Sharpe, c1996 
xii, 249 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. 
ISBN 1563246821 (alkaline paper)
156324683X (alkaline paper) (paperback)
Series

Bureaucracies, public administration, and public policy.

Summary

Hunter and Waterman's important work is the most comprehensive analysis available of the Environmental Protection Agency's enforcement of the Clean Water Act and its amendments. The book uses extensive EPA data, including a survey of federaland state-level environmental officials, to examine enforcement from the perspective of government personnel. Emphasis is on what is done, how it is done, and why it is done. By combining detailed documentation of regulatory implementation with surveys of the views of federal and state officials, industry representatives, and environmental activists, this study illuminates a process of pragmatic enforcement - that is, the way bureaucrats actually do their jobs.

The book examines the operation of pollution control policy over two decades and several presidential administrations; shows the pragmatic nature of regulatory enforcement, mixing adherence with due discretion; and considers the effectiveness of both punitive and incentive-based policies in different contexts.

Full contents
  • 1. The Water-Quality Problem: A Study in Diversity
  • 2. The Institutional Setting
  • 3. Pragmatic Enforcement
  • 4. Bureaucrats and Attitudes: The Seeds of Discretion / Amelia Rouse and Robert Wright
  • 5. Bureaucratic Discretion and Hierarchical Political Control / Susan Hunter, Richard W. Waterman and Robert Wright
  • 6. Enforcement at the State Level: Primacy and State Organizational Structures
  • 7. Explaining Variations in NPDES Enforcement
  • 8. Water Outcomes: The Neglected Arena
  • 9. Conclusions and Recommendations.
 
Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 235-244) and index.

Subjects Offenses against the environment -- United States.  |  Law enforcement -- United States.  |  Water -- Pollution -- Law and legislation -- United States.
Other authors/contributors Waterman, Richard W

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