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Outback ghettos : Aborigines, institutionalisation and survival / Peggy Brock
Bib ID 2865560
Format BookBook
Brock, Peggy, 1948-
Online Versions
Related Online
Description Cambridge [England] ; Melbourne : Cambridge University Press, 1993 
x, 180 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm. 
ISBN 0521434351

Studies in Australian history


Up until the 1970s, a large proportion of Aboriginal people in Australia had some experience in institutions as part of federal assimilation and protection policies. Focusing on three communities in South Australia, this book attempts to understand the consequences of this institutionalisation for Aborigines and Australian society in general. Peggy Brock uses the word 'ghetto' to evoke the nature of the missions in which, for generations, many Aboriginal people settled, as ghettos both oppress and nurture those who live within them. The missions were part of policies to control and segregate Aborigines, but the book shows that they often chose to live in the missions to ensure their own survival. Within the missions, Aborigines were able to establish distinctive communities and construct a strong, modern identity. The three communities considered in the book - Poonindie, Koonibba and Nepabunna - existed during distinct but overlapping periods and had varying responses to colonialism and mission life. In many cases, Aboriginal people associated themselves with the missions because they met urgent needs for survival: protection from a hostile world, access to rations, education and training in European skills. In fact, the missions for many became home. For others however, the emotional turmoil caused by the pressure to embrace Christianity on the one hand and the desire to maintain traditional ways on the other became unbearable.

Full contents
  • Machine derived contents note: 1. Introduction
  • 2. Legislation and policy: the context of outback ghettos
  • 3. Poonindie, home away from 'country'
  • 4. An established community and its destruction
  • 5. Koonibba, a refuge for west coast people
  • 6. Institutional upheaval and adjustment
  • 7. Dispersal and the end of the mission era
  • 8. Adnyamathanha: survival without institutionalisation
  • 9. Nepabunna mission
  • 10. The ghetto experience and survival

Includes index.

Cover subtitle: A history of Aboriginal institutionalisation and survival.

Bibliography: p. 168-175.

Subjects Koonibba Mission Station -- History.  |  Nepabunna Mission -- History.  |  Poonindie Mission (Poonindie, S.A.) -- History.  |  Aboriginal Australians -- Missions -- South Australia -- History.  |  Adnyamathanha (Australian people)  |  Aboriginal Australians -- South Australia -- Cultural assimilation.  |  Kaurna people (L3) (SA SI54-09)  |  Economic sectors - Agriculture and horticulture - Pastoral industry.  |  Government policy - Assimilation.  |  Religions - Christianity - Anglican Church.  |  Government policy - State and territory - South Australia.  |  Religions - Christianity - Lutheran Church.  |  Adnyamathanha people (L10) (SA SH54-09)  |  Child welfare - Children's homes.  |  Employment - Conditions.  |  Kokatha people (C3) (SA SH53-06)  |  Wirangu people (C1) (SA SH53-14)  |  Settlement and contacts - Colonisation - 1851-  |  Race relations - Violent - Massacres, murders, poisonings etc. - To 1900.  |  Government policy - Initial period and protectionism.  |  Australia -- Politics and government.  |  Port Lincoln (West SA SI53-11)  |  Ceduna (West SA SI53-02)  |  Nepabunna (NE SA Flinders Ranges SH54-09)  |  Koonibba (West SA SH53-09)  |  Poonindie (West SA SI53-11)
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Outback ghettos : a history of Aboriginal institutionalisation and survival


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Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. Please also be aware that you may see certain words or descriptions in this catalogue which reflect the author’s attitude or that of the period in which the item was created and may now be considered offensive.