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The Independent Student [microform] : Educational and Social-Psychological Characteristics; Inquiry Into Innovations Series, Research Report 3 / Alvin P. Sokol and Jon C. Marshall
Bib ID 5206395
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Sokol, Alvin P
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1969 
45 p. 

An investigation was conducted to determine the characteristics of independent (self-directing) students and those characteristics which differentiate independent from non-independent students. Each of the 35 teachers who had classroom contact with an 11th grade class of 525 was asked to name five students he felt best characterized non-independent students. Educational characteristics were determined through analysis of grade-point averages and class rank; IQ tests; student activity selection; program orientation (college bound or not); school problems (absences, discipline); and sex. Social-psychological characteristics were examined through scores on inventory scales measuring personal problems, psychological traits, and values. Of the 35 characteristics studied, 17 were found to differentiate significantly (.05 level of confidence) between the two groups. Major findings: Independent students are not only academically talented, but have stable family relationships, emotional stability, adjustment to reality, comprehension and acceptance of the rules and norms of "their" society. A close association exists between school-related difficulties and problems in social-psychological adjustment. Not-independent students have little success in their interaction with their external environment, including the school situation. (Included are complete findings and discussion of implications for schools.) (JS)


May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Academic Ability.  |  Academic Achievement.  |  Educational Environment.  |  High School Students.  |  Secondary School Teachers.  |  Student Adjustment.  |  Student Attitudes.  |  Student Behavior.  |  Student Problems.  |  Learning.  |  Psychological Characteristics.  |  Student Characteristics.  |  Henmon Nelson Tests of Mental Ability Minnesota Counseling Inventory Mooney Problem Check List Study of Values
Other authors/contributors Marshall, Jon C., author  |  University City School District, MO
Available From ERIC 


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