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Civil Liberties and the Experience of College [microform] / Arthur W. Chickering
Bib ID 5211261
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Chickering, Arthur W
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1970 
13 p. 

This report describes the results of a series of studies examining changing beliefs concerning civil liberties among students attending several small colleges which differed dramatically in student characteristics, institutional goals, climate, teaching practices, and student-faculty relationships. The findings indicated that: (1) there was a net change toward increased liberalism, but that change was greater for men, and varied in magnitude from college to college; (2) moderate conservatives tended to become more liberal; and (3) moderate liberals most frequently became more conservative, though at some colleges they became more liberal. Institutional characteristics that were positively associated with increasing liberalism were: (1) the proportion of peers holding liberal beliefs; (2) study motivated by interests, concerns, or anticipated future activities; (3) student-faculty contact; and (4) student demonstrations concerning administrative policies or non-college issues. Institutional characteristics negatively associated with such change were: (1) the proportion of peers holding conservative beliefs; (2) college and student emphasis on professional-vocational preparation and propriety; (3) teaching practices that employ lecturing in class and memorizing for class preparation; and (4) study motivated by finishing a requirement or getting a good grade. (AF)


Educational level discussed: Higher Education.

Sponsoring Agency: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Attitude Change.  |  College Students.  |  Institutional Environment.  |  Institutional Role.  |  Political Attitudes.  |  Civil Liberties.  |  College Environment.  |  Higher Education.  |  Student Attitudes.  |  Student Characteristics.
Other authors/contributors Project on Student Development in Small Colleges, Plainfield, VT
Available From ERIC 


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