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Long Term Memory in Normals and Retardates. Memory and Mental Imagery in Retardates [microform] : A Pilot Study / John A. McLaughlin and Others
Bib ID 5223994
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
McLaughlin, John A
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1971 
25 p. 
Summary

Two studies are reported. The first is based on Piaget's assertion that the child's representation of his world is dependent on the level of cognitive development at which he is currently functioning. Forty-eight normals and 48 retardates were given a visual memory task. They were asked to recall a configural presentation in a number of ways, immediately, one week after, and 6 months after the initial presentation. Piaget's proposition that memory is an integral part of intelligence is given support. Normals were found to be superior to retardates on the task. Similar findings are reported in a 2nd study which focused on a seriation task: (1) significant improvement did not occur in the performances of the youngest group, suggesting that the schema of seriation was incompletely developed; and (2) overall, the performance of normals exceeded that of retardates over time, even though the groups had been matched for MA and CA. It is suggested that conditions present in the mentally retarded preclude the improvement noted in normals of equivalent mental ages. (TL)

Notes

Sponsoring Agency: Social and Rehabilitation Service (DHEW), Washington, DC. Div. of Research and Demonstration Grants.

Contract Number: OEG-15-P-55121-3-02.

ERIC Note: Paper presented at Eastern Psychological Association Annual Meeting (42nd, New York, N. Y., April 15-17, 1971).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Handicapped Children.  |  Intellectual Development.  |  Intelligence.  |  Intelligence Differences.  |  Learning Processes.  |  Memory.  |  Mental Retardation.  |  Perception.  |  Performance.  |  Recognition.  |  Retention (Psychology)  |  Serial Learning.  |  Serial Ordering.  |  Visual Learning.  |  Visual Perception.
Other authors/contributors Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg  |  Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA
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