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The Effect of Pattern Practice and Standard [microform] : Non-Standard Dialect Contrast on Language Achievement Among Black Children. Research and Development Memorandum, Number 87 / Robert L. Politzer and Mary Rhodes Hoover
Bib ID 5230561
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Politzer, Robert L
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1972 
53 p. 

The experiment reported on in this paper investigated primarily the overall effectiveness in raising the language achievement of black children of the pattern practice approach and the use of overall contrasts between standard and nonstandard dialects within the pattern practice approach. The experiment was conducted in three third-grade and three kindergarten classes in an elementary school district in the San Francisco Bay area. Seventy-three black third graders and 68 black kindergartners were used as subjects. Although there is considerable variation in their speech patterns, their speech is by and large representative of lower- to middle-class black dialect. The six classes were randomly divided into groups for three different treatments. The treatment period lasted for five weeks, with 15 to 20 minutes a day devoted to intensive language training. In Treatment A an attempt was made first to establish the concept of a difference between standard and nonstandard speech. In Treatment B the materials and approach were the same as in A, but no attempt was made to introduce a concept of standard as opposed to nonstandard speech. Treatment C was a control activity in which the participating teachers were free to devise their own language arts activities. (Authors/JM)


Sponsoring Agency: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

Contract Number: OEC-6-10-078-Component 3A.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Black Dialects.  |  Black Students.  |  Concept Teaching.  |  Elementary School Students.  |  Kindergarten Children.  |  Language Acquisition.  |  Language Instruction.  |  Language Programs.  |  Pattern Drills (Language)  |  Socioeconomic Status.  |  Speech Skills.  |  Standard Spoken Usage.  |  Teaching Methods.  |  Urban Language.  |  California
Other authors/contributors Hoover, Mary Rhodes, author  |  Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Center for Research and Development in Teaching
Available From ERIC 


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