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Artifactual Evidence in Research and Teaching [microform] : Invalidity in Judgments of Communicative Behavior / James J. Bradac
Bib ID 5284994
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Bradac, James J
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1975 
15 p. 
Summary

This paper contains a discussion concerning some of the variables which threaten external validity and inferences about communicative behavior made by researchers and teachers. Communication researchers have begun to explore potentially artifactual sources of variance in judgments of evaluations of communicative behavior. Some studies have shown that not only can expectations about another person's behavior affect the perceptions or judgments of an ostensibly objective observer, but such expectations may alter the behavior of the person being observed (known as the Pygmalion Effect). Observer bias, experimenter expectancy, and Pygmalion effects are sometimes called "artifactual effects" or "experimental artifacts." A tentative model of potentially artifactual outcomes in communication assessment is offered. (RB)

Notes

ERIC Note: Prepared at the University of Iowa.

Educational level discussed: Higher Education.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Behavior Patterns.  |  Communication (Thought Transfer)  |  Educational Research.  |  Higher Education.  |  Human Relations.  |  Literature Reviews.  |  Models.  |  Teaching.  |  Artifactual Evidence
Form/genre Reference Materials, Bibliographies.
Available From ERIC 

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