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The Spectator Role [microform] : Theoretical and Developmental Studies of Ideas about and Responses to Literature, with Special Reference to Four Age Levels / Arthur Noble Applebee
Bib ID 5294401
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Applebee, Arthur N
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1973 
446 p. 
Summary

Theoretical aspects of the spectator role in James Britton's (1970) model of language use are explored within a perspective based primarily on the work of George Kelly, Susanne Langer, Jean Piaget, Michael Polanyi, and Denys Harding. This view is amplified in a series of empirical studies based on stories told by children between the ages of two and five, and on written and oral responses to repertory grids and open-ended questionnaires by six, nine, thirteen, and seventeen year olds and from five schools. Separate samples of eleven, thirteen, and sixteen year olds were drawn for a supplementary study of various spectator-role genres and media. Developmental changes center in: (1) the relationship between spectator-role experience and the life of the individual; (2) knowledge of the conventions of spectator-role discourse; and (3) the complexity of the experience (both personal and literary) over which a person has mastery. Spectator-role discourse emerges as a separate mode of language use at a very early age, but there is only a gradual separation of spectator-role experience from other life experiences. Not until adolescence is such discourse clearly a way to present possibilities rather than to describe reality. (Author)

Notes

ERIC Note: Ph.D. Thesis, University of London.

Educational level discussed: Elementary Secondary Education.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Educational Research.  |  Elementary Secondary Education.  |  English Instruction.  |  Language Acquisition.  |  Language Skills.  |  Language Usage.  |  Linguistic Theory.  |  Mass Media.  |  Models.  |  Speech Communication.  |  Story Telling.  |  Written Language.  |  Spectator Role
Form/genre Dissertations/Theses.
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