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Educational Research and Development [microform] : The Next Decade. Occasional Paper No. 11 / Robert N. Bush
Bib ID 5305752
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Bush, Robert N
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1976 
38 p. 

Educational research and development (educational R&D), more recently called educational knowledge production and utilization, has become a prominent feature of the educational scene with many of its salient characteristics having taken shape during the last ten years. The federal role in educational R&D began in 1867 with the formation of the National Department of Education. The passage of the Cooperative Research Act of 1954, the National Defense Education Act of 1958, and the creation of the National Institute of Education in 1972 expressed federal concern for stepping up efforts to improve the educational system. Although funds have decreased during the last decade, educational R&D laboratories and centers have prospered. One benefit gained recently from educational R&D is that the monolithic structure of the school system is giving way to a greater recognintion of differences among individuals. In general, the effects of educational R&D upon educational practice have been disappointing because the effort has been too small, the trained researchers too few, and the resources too limited. An 11-point agenda for educational R&D during the next decade includes: (1) building a constituency; (2) broadening the collegial base; (3) strengthening all parts of the educational R&D enterprise; (4) recognizing that education is a total system; (5) shifting emphasis from correlational studies and single-variable experimental studies to more complex experimental studies, interventions, and clinical analyses; (6) making more modest claims; (7) building a better national educational R&D agenda; (8) effectively advancing the interdisciplinary claims of educational R&D; (9) strengthening university participation in educational R&D; (10) increasing attention to cost/benefit consideration; (11) reestablishing the upward trend of expenditures for educational R&D. (SK)


Sponsoring Agency: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Educational Development.  |  Educational History.  |  Educational Innovation.  |  Educational Research.  |  Experiments.  |  Federal Aid.  |  Federal Legislation.  |  Information Dissemination.  |  Program Development.  |  Research and Development Centers.  |  Research Needs.  |  Research Utilization.  |  Trend Analysis.
Form/genre Reports, Descriptive.
Other authors/contributors Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Center for Research and Development in Teaching
Available From ERIC 


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