National Library of Australia

<< Previous record  /  Next record >>
Record 189 of 583
You must be logged in to Tag Records
Evaluation of Early Childhood Programs [microform] : Toward a Developmental Perspective / Ruby Takanishi
Bib ID 5357338
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Takanishi, Ruby
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.]] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1978 
51 p. 
Summary

This paper presents a rationale for taking a developmental perspective towards evaluation of early childhood programs and contrasts two models of development (organismic and mechanistic) with regard to evaluation and developmental issues. Examination of theoretical differences between the organismic model (which assumes an active organism) and mechanistic model (which assumes a reactive organism) suggests that a developmental perspective: (1) implies that behavioral observations must be analyzed with respect to their meaning in context; (2) raises the question of the meaningfulness of educational testing situations; (3) is important in the conceptualization of development in early childhood programs; and (4) leads to a shift away from a preoccupation with criterion performance to a concern with the processes underlying performance. A developmental perspective also emphasizes: changes in cognitive structures rather than behavioral change per se; discontinuity rather than continuity of change; reciprocal causality between organism and environment rather than unidirectional causality of environment on organism; and organized complexity rather than linear causality in change. The implications of these model features for assessing program effectiveness are discussed. The rationale presented for working toward a developmental perspective in evaluation highlights the involvement of participants in understanding program development, adult (staff and parent) development, and child development. (JMB)

Notes

Sponsoring Agency: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

Sponsoring Agency: National Academy of Education, Syracuse, NY.

Educational level discussed: Early Childhood Education.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Behavior Theories.  |  Child Development.  |  Developmental Psychology.  |  Early Childhood Education.  |  Educational Theories.  |  Models.  |  Program Effectiveness.  |  Program Evaluation.
Form/genre Reference Materials, Bibliographies.
Other authors/contributors ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education
Available From ERIC 

Online

In the Library

Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. To learn more about how to request items watch this short online video Help Video.

Details Collect From
mc 2253 ED161512 Main Reading Room - Newspapers and Family History
This item may be online. Please search the ERIC website prior to requesting this microfiche item.

Order a copy

- Copyright or permission restrictions may apply. We will contact you if necessary.

Help Video To learn more about Copies Direct watch this short online video Help Video.
close Can I borrow items from the Library?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

close What can I get online?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

close Can I get copies of items from the Library?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Flags
Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. Please also be aware that you may see certain words or descriptions in this catalogue which reflect the author’s attitude or that of the period in which the item was created and may now be considered offensive.