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Changes in the Relative Labor Force Status of Black and White Youths [microform] : A Review of the Literature / Robert D. Mare and Christopher Winship
Bib ID 5388253
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Mare, Robert D
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1980 
48 p. 

Since World War II, unemployment rates for black youths have risen much more rapidly than for white youths. This report reviews possible causes of the worsening relative employment status of black youths, including market and structural trends in the sizes of labor force entry cohorts, competition in the low-wage labor market from women and students, the level and coverage of the minimum wage, occupational and industrial structure, and the geographic distribution of jobs. Social and demographic trends in school enrollment, armed forces enlistment, marriage and family norms, and receipt of public assistance are also considered. It is suggested that historical differences between blacks and whites in the occupational sectors in which they worked, in school enrollment patterns, and in military enlistment patterns concealed the true racial disparity in youth unemployment because black youth entered the work force before whites and found work in the agricultural sector. Now that black and white school enrollment and military enlistment norms are more alike and unskilled jobs scarcer, it is held, the true inequality in employment is revealed. (Author/MK)


Sponsoring Agency: National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), Washington, DC.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Black Youth.  |  Employment Level.  |  Employment Opportunities.  |  Employment Patterns.  |  Labor Market.  |  Racial Differences.  |  Racial Discrimination.  |  Unemployment.  |  Whites.
Form/genre Information Analyses.
Other authors/contributors Winship, Christopher, author  |  Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty
Available From ERIC 


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Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. Please also be aware that you may see certain words or descriptions in this catalogue which reflect the author’s attitude or that of the period in which the item was created and may now be considered offensive.