National Library of Australia

We’re delighted to be able to increase our reading room services and opening hours. Read more...

You must be logged in to Tag Records
Cognitive Socialisation of 4-Year-Old Children in Nursery School [microform] / H. F. Murphy and J. E. Wilkinson
Bib ID 5397379
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Murphy, H. F
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1980 
26 p. 

Using a test-observe-test design with a sample of 29 4-year-old children, this study examined the relationship between children's activity choices in a typical progressive nursery school and their intellectual performance, socioeconomic status (SES), and sex. An attempt was made to identify those experiential factors associated with changes in intellectual performance over a period of 4 months. All subjects were pretested on a wide range of intellectual measures including the Wechsler Pre-school and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI), the English Picture Vocabulary Test (EPVT), and the Linear and Circular Order, Seriation, and Multiple Classification tests. Using the Child Observation Schedule (COS), observers recorded subjects' activities, interactions, and behaviors for 4 mornings each week over a period of 4 months. The posttests were then administered to all subjects. Results indicated that (1) for all subjects taken as a group, the mean improvements were significant and relatively uniform across all the intelligence measures used; (2) high IQ children spent more time listening to stories, spent more time in verbal interaction with others, and were more receptive to adult-initiated communication; (3) low SES children spent more time alone, more time on social/ personal activity, more passive time with adults and more time in solitary play than children from higher SES; and (4) girls spent less time on physical activities and more time on social activities than boys. (Author/MP)


Educational level discussed: Preschool Education.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Behavior Patterns.  |  Class Activities.  |  Comparative Analysis.  |  Foreign Countries.  |  Intelligence Quotient.  |  Interaction Process Analysis.  |  Nursery Schools.  |  Observation.  |  Peer Relationship.  |  Preschool Children.  |  Preschool Education.  |  Pretests Posttests.  |  Sex Differences.  |  Social Differences.  |  Socioeconomic Status.  |  Student Teacher Relationship.  |  Scotland  |  Classroom Observation Instruments
Form/genre Reports, Research.
Other authors/contributors Wilkinson, J. E., author
Available From ERIC 


In the Library

Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. To learn more about how to request items watch this short online video Help Video.

Details Collect From
mc 2253 ED201381 Main Reading Room - Newspapers and Family History
This item may be online. Please search the ERIC website prior to requesting this microfiche item.

Order a copy

- Copyright or permission restrictions may apply. We will contact you if necessary.

Help Video To learn more about Copies Direct watch this short online video Help Video.
close Can I borrow items from the Library?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

close What can I get online?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

close Can I get copies of items from the Library?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Flags
Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. Please also be aware that you may see certain words or descriptions in this catalogue which reflect the author’s attitude or that of the period in which the item was created and may now be considered offensive.