National Library of Australia

Due to the need to contain the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) the Library building and reading rooms are closed to visitors until further notice.
The health and safety of our community is of great importance to us and we look forward to staying connected with you online.

<< Previous record  /  Next record >>
Record 4 of 12
You must be logged in to Tag Records
Life Cycle Leadership Theory vs. Theory on the Phases of Small Group Discussion [microform] : Comparisons, Contrasts, and Examples / Charles Thomas Preston, Jr
Bib ID 5399358
Format MicroformMicroform, BookBook
Preston, Charles Thomas, Jr
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1981 
22 p. 

The work of Paul Hersey and Kenneth Blanchard on life-cycle leadership was compared and contrasted to three studies on group phase theories. The studies on group phases were conducted by Robert Bales and Fred Strodtbeck in 1951, Thomas Scheidel and Laura Crowell in 1964, and B. Aubrey Fisher in 1970. The two theoretical approaches were found to have many dissimilarities. First, life-cycle theory is directed more at business and academic leaders, who may be leaders of groups too large to be considered "small," while the three phase studies were directed at specific small groups. Second, two of the phase studies were directed solely at task performance, while life-cycle theory rests on the trade-off between task and interpersonal relationship functions of leaders. Third, the three small group studies are not as specifically related to leaders, as is the life-cycle theory. Finally, life-cycle theory rests upon the important concept of increasing maturity of group members, while group theories have not taken maturity into account. Despite these contrasts, the two theoretical approaches have some similarities, especially when their four stages of development are compared. The shift from task orientation to greater emphasis on interpersonal relations in life-cycle leadership theory corresponds with phases of group decision making, which include understanding the task, the evaluative stages in which members moderate conflicting views, and final group consensus. (RL)


ERIC Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Speech Communication Association (Austin, TX, April 7-10, 1981).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Communication Research.  |  Communication (Thought Transfer)  |  Comparative Analysis.  |  Developmental Stages.  |  Group Behavior.  |  Group Discussion.  |  Leadership.  |  Leadership Styles.  |  Speech Communication.  |  Theories.
Form/genre Information Analyses.  |  Reports, Research.  |  Speeches/Meeting Papers.
Available From ERIC 


    In the Library

    Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. To learn more about how to request items watch this short online video Help Video.

    Details Collect From
    mc 2253 ED203390 Main Reading Room - Newspapers and Family History
    This item may be online. Please search the ERIC website prior to requesting this microfiche item.

    Order a copy

    - Copyright or permission restrictions may apply. We will contact you if necessary.

    Help Video To learn more about Copies Direct watch this short online video Help Video.
    close Can I borrow items from the Library?

    You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

    You can view this on the NLA website.

    close What can I get online?

    You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

    You can view this on the NLA website.

    close Can I get copies of items from the Library?

    You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

    You can view this on the NLA website.

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Flags
    Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. Please also be aware that you may see certain words or descriptions in this catalogue which reflect the author’s attitude or that of the period in which the item was created and may now be considered offensive.