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Childhood Stress and Coping [microform] : A Review and Cognitive-Developmental Theory / Raymond C. Hawkins, II
Bib ID 5427346
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Hawkins, Raymond C., II
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1982 
45 p. 
Summary

This paper reviews recent empirical and conceptual studies pertaining to stress in childhood and offers an integrative, cognitive-developmental theory for understanding childhood stress and coping. The theory builds upon Hunt's (1979) view of the epigenesis of intrinsic motivation and Block's (1982) formulation of assimilation and accommodation processes in personality dynamics. Key theoretical assumptions in the literature on adult stress, adaptation, and coping are first pointed out. Nine key questions are formulated to assess the usefulness of the adult stress-coping paradigm for understanding stress in children and adolescents. With respect to the theoretical assumptions of the adult stress-coping paradigm, the first two questions address the "stressor/appraisal/distress" sequence and the primacy of external stressors in producing distress reactions. The third question focuses on the diseases-of-adaptation syndrome. Questions four through seven address the importance of organismic tendencies in moderating the relationship between stress and distress, as well as the development of these coping resources. The eighth question inquires into the effectiveness of stress-coping interventions for treating children's behavior disorders. Finally, the ninth question sets the stage for the presentation of an integrative formulation for understanding childhood stress and coping. (RH)

Notes

ERIC Note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Annual Convention of the Texas Psychological Association (Houston, TX, November, 1981).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Adjustment (to Environment)  |  Adolescents.  |  Behavior Problems.  |  Biological Influences.  |  Children.  |  Cognitive Processes.  |  Coping.  |  Individual Characteristics.  |  Intervention.  |  Motivation.  |  Personality Traits.  |  Program Effectiveness.  |  Stress Variables.  |  Theories.  |  Life Events  |  Critical Analysis Developmental Patterns Developmental Theory Intrinsic Motivation
Form/genre Information Analyses.  |  Speeches/Meeting Papers.
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