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Status of Research on Item Content and Differential Performance on Tests Used in Higher Education [microform] / Robert F. Boldt
Bib ID 5429792
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Boldt, Robert F
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1983 
42 p. 
Summary

"Outlier studies" identify items for which extreme differences in performance by contrasting groups occur; these extreme items are the "outliers" referred to. Review of the studies conducted on tests receiving major use in higher education reveals that though one cannot make a priori classifications of outliers with confidence, one can with reasonable confidence predict the relatively advantaged group for many verbal items if they subsequently prove to be outliers as follows: aesthetic-philosophical, human relations or female oriented content relatively favors females as opposed to males; practical affairs, science or male oriented content relatively favors males as opposed to females; science content relatively favors whites as opposed to blacks. For test content that varies in the degree of relatedness to minorities, one would predict a relative advantage for those outliers that are most related to minorities. The magnitude of the differences found is not large; perhaps larger differences would be found if classifications other than race and sex, which are the most common, were used. It has been found that differences in cultural or national origin produce larger discrepancies in item difficulty than differences in race or sex of essentially native American groups. (Author)

Notes

Availability: Educational Testing Service, Research Publications, R116, Princeton, NJ 08541.

Educational level discussed: Higher Education.

Researchers.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Classification.  |  Cultural Differences.  |  Group Behavior.  |  Higher Education.  |  Minority Groups.  |  Predictive Measurement.  |  Racial Differences.  |  Research Methodology.  |  Sex Differences.  |  Test Bias.  |  Test Items.  |  Outliers Test Content  |  Discrepancy Analysis
Form/genre Reports, Research.  |  Information Analyses.
Other authors/contributors Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ
Available From ERIC 
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001 5429792
005 20181019152035.0
007 he u||024||||
008 080220s1983    xxu ||| bt    ||| | eng d
035 |9(ericd)ED234056
037 |aED234056|bERIC
040 |aericd|beng|cericd|dMvI
088 |aETS-RR-83-3
091 |amfm
100 1 |aBoldt, Robert F.
245 1 0 |aStatus of Research on Item Content and Differential Performance on Tests Used in Higher Education|h[microform] /|cRobert F. Boldt.
260 |a[Washington, D.C.] :|bDistributed by ERIC Clearinghouse,|c1983.
300 |a42 p.
500 |aAvailability: Educational Testing Service, Research Publications, R116, Princeton, NJ 08541.|5ericd
500 |aEducational level discussed: Higher Education.
520 |a"Outlier studies" identify items for which extreme differences in performance by contrasting groups occur; these extreme items are the "outliers" referred to. Review of the studies conducted on tests receiving major use in higher education reveals that though one cannot make a priori classifications of outliers with confidence, one can with reasonable confidence predict the relatively advantaged group for many verbal items if they subsequently prove to be outliers as follows: aesthetic-philosophical, human relations or female oriented content relatively favors females as opposed to males; practical affairs, science or male oriented content relatively favors males as opposed to females; science content relatively favors whites as opposed to blacks. For test content that varies in the degree of relatedness to minorities, one would predict a relative advantage for those outliers that are most related to minorities. The magnitude of the differences found is not large; perhaps larger differences would be found if classifications other than race and sex, which are the most common, were used. It has been found that differences in cultural or national origin produce larger discrepancies in item difficulty than differences in race or sex of essentially native American groups. (Author)
521 8 |aResearchers.|bericd
530 |aMay also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:|uhttps://eric.ed.gov/
533 |aMicrofiche.|b[Washington D.C.]:|cERIC Clearinghouse|emicrofiches : positive.
650 0 7 |aClassification.|2ericd
650 0 7 |aCultural Differences.|2ericd
650 0 7 |aGroup Behavior.|2ericd
650 0 7 |aHigher Education.|2ericd
650 1 7 |aMinority Groups.|2ericd
650 1 7 |aPredictive Measurement.|2ericd
650 0 7 |aRacial Differences.|2ericd
650 1 7 |aResearch Methodology.|2ericd
650 0 7 |aSex Differences.|2ericd
650 1 7 |aTest Bias.|2ericd
650 1 7 |aTest Items.|2ericd
653 1 |aOutliers|aTest Content
653 0 |aDiscrepancy Analysis
655 7 |aReports, Research.|2ericd
655 7 |aInformation Analyses.|2ericd
710 2 |aEducational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
856 4 1 |uhttps://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED234056
984 |aANL|cmc 2253 ED234056|d77000000240075
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