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African Lingua Francas [microform] / Thea C. Bruhn
Bib ID 5444585
Format MicroformMicroform, BookBook
Author
Bruhn, Thea C
 
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1984 
14 p. 
Summary

A survey is presented of the status and usage patterns of the lingua francas--common languages used as a medium of communication between ethnically and linguistically diverse peoples--of the African continent. The survey gives an overview of the general language situation and briefly describes the major languages: Swahili, Hausa, Fufulde, Mandingo, Sango, Kanuri, Song'ai, Wolof, Lingala, Kituba, Umbundu, Nyanja, Lwena, Bemba, Fanagalo, Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, German, and Arabic. Notes on the linguistic and ethnic history contributing to the distribution of languages are included. A table summarizing this information for the languages and their dialect variants also gives estimates of the numbers of speakers, numbers of native speakers, and the usage status (increasing, decreasing, or stable), and a map illustrates areas of use of the major lingua francas. (MSE)

Notes

ERIC Note: Table may not reproduce well due to broken print.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Adult Education.  |  African Languages.  |  Arabic.  |  Armed Forces.  |  Bilingualism.  |  Dialects.  |  Elementary Secondary Education.  |  English.  |  French.  |  Geographic Distribution.  |  German.  |  Higher Education.  |  Industry.  |  Language Maintenance.  |  Language of Instruction.  |  Language Role.  |  Language Standardization.  |  Language Usage.  |  Mass Media.  |  Monolingualism.  |  Multilingualism.  |  Official Languages.  |  Portuguese.  |  Public Policy.  |  Spanish.  |  Lingua Francas  |  Africa
Form/genre Reports, Descriptive.
Other authors/contributors Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language/Area Reference Center
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