National Library of Australia

You must be logged in to Tag Records
Ideological Themes in Movements for Child Labor Reform and in Images of Children in Literature in 19th Century England and America [microform] / Suzanne Kirschner
Bib ID 5451200
Format MicroformMicroform, BookBook
Kirschner, Suzanne
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1983 
36 p. 

This paper explores ideological factors that influenced child labor reform and the image of the child as depicted in romantic and sentimental literature of 19th century England and the United States. In both countries the image of the child and the view of the relative roles of the parent and the state in bearing responsibility for children underwent dramatic change during this era. A reluctance to interfere with paternal authority and a laissez-faire attitude towards industry created, during the last 20 to 30 years of the 19th century, a new attitude of "social responsibility" on the part of the public and the state towards children. Within the contexts of different cultural and historical particulars in the two countries, some common patterns do emerge. It appears that the groups that were disempowered by the sweeping social changes beginning in the late 1700's used the symbol of the child as an expression of their own increasingly marginal sensibilities. After the 1860's the needs of the two nations to maintain military and industrial strength also played a role in the change to a social welfare attitude toward children. Sections on each country are divided into three subsections: (1) early history of child labor reform, (2) sentimental and romantic images of children in literature, and (3) post-1860 reform movements. (IS)


Sponsoring Agency: Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).

ERIC Note: Paper from the Project on Human Potential. For other project papers, see SO 016 244-270.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Child Labor.  |  Child Role.  |  Child Welfare.  |  Children.  |  English Literature.  |  European History.  |  Foreign Countries.  |  Labor Legislation.  |  Nineteenth Century Literature.  |  Policy Formation.  |  Public Policy.  |  Romanticism.  |  Social Change.  |  United States History.  |  United States Literature.  |  English History  |  Ideology Nineteenth Century United States
Form/genre Reports, General.  |  Historical Materials.
Other authors/contributors Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Graduate School of Education
Available From ERIC 


    In the Library

    Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. To learn more about how to request items watch this short online video Help Video.

    Details Collect From
    mc 2253 ED254449 Main Reading Room - Newspapers and Family History
    This item may be online. Please search the ERIC website prior to requesting this microfiche item.

    Order a copy

    - Copyright or permission restrictions may apply. We will contact you if necessary.

    Help Video To learn more about Copies Direct watch this short online video Help Video.
    close Can I borrow items from the Library?

    You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

    You can view this on the NLA website.

    close What can I get online?

    You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

    You can view this on the NLA website.

    close Can I get copies of items from the Library?

    You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

    You can view this on the NLA website.

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Flags
    Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. Please also be aware that you may see certain words or descriptions in this catalogue which reflect the author’s attitude or that of the period in which the item was created and may now be considered offensive.