National Library of Australia

Enjoy a CovidSafe visit to the National Library.

<< Previous record  /  Next record >>
Record 20 of 47
You must be logged in to Tag Records
Social Class and Bilingual Education [microform] : Issues and Contradictions. Bilingual Education Paper Series, Vol. 5 No. 2 / Robert L. Politzer
Bib ID 5453997
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Politzer, Robert L
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1981 
24 p. 

Issues concerning bilingual education are discussed, with a focus on the effect of social class on educational outcomes. While bilingualism tends to be associated with some educational advantages for the upper class, it often appears to result in an additional handicap within the lower ranges. In many educational outcomes affecting bilinguals, social class rather than bilingualism per se may be the factor of primary importance. Two hypotheses concerning the reason for educational underachievement of the poor are identified: the deficit and the difference hypotheses. During the war on poverty, a frequent debate concerned the hypothesis that educational failure of the poor was related to a mismatch of their native language and the language of school (i.e., the poor speak a different dialect or language distinct from middle class English). This linguistic mismatch hypothesis was applied in public schools through the Bilingual Education Act. Also considered are the effects in the schools of the Lau decision (1974) and an Office of Civil Rights' decision. Three possibly valid explanations of different effects of upper class and lower class bilingualism are also proposed. The effects of immersion of lower and middle/upper class children for the purposes of second language teaching is discussed in some depth. Additional topics include the effects of motivation, limited English speaking children, the threshold level and additive vs. subtractive bilingualism hypotheses, and local flexibility concerning bilingual education policy. (SW)


Sponsoring Agency: Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (ED), Washington, DC.

ERIC Note: Paper presented to the California Teachers Association Blue Ribbon Bilingual Committee (January 1981).

Educational level discussed: Elementary Secondary Education.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Bilingual Education.  |  Bilingualism.  |  Economically Disadvantaged.  |  Elementary Secondary Education.  |  Federal Legislation.  |  Immersion Programs.  |  Language Planning.  |  Limited English Speaking.  |  Low Income Groups.  |  Program Effectiveness.  |  Public Policy.  |  Second Language Instruction.  |  Social Class.  |  Socioeconomic Status.  |  Underachievement.  |  Upper Class.  |  Lau v Nichols
Form/genre Opinion Papers.  |  Speeches/Meeting Papers.
Other authors/contributors California State Univ., Los Angeles. Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center
Available From ERIC 


In the Library

Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. To learn more about how to request items watch this short online video Help Video.

Details Collect From
mc 2253 ED257315 Main Reading Room - Newspapers and Family History
This item may be online. Please search the ERIC website prior to requesting this microfiche item.

Order a copy

- Copyright or permission restrictions may apply. We will contact you if necessary.

Help Video To learn more about Copies Direct watch this short online video Help Video.
close Can I borrow items from the Library?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

close What can I get online?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

close Can I get copies of items from the Library?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Flags
Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. Please also be aware that you may see certain words or descriptions in this catalogue which reflect the author’s attitude or that of the period in which the item was created and may now be considered offensive.