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Predicting the Impact of a Stressful Life Experience [microform] : Criminal Victimization / Dean G. Kilpatrick and Others
Bib ID 5468047
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Kilpatrick, Dean G
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1986 
8 p. 

Because violent crime may produce persistent stress-related problems for many victims, it is important to determine what factors best predict development and persistence of stress-related problems. A study was conducted to examine the extent to which development and persistence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) could be predicted on the basis of the victim's demographic characteristics, objective indicators of the crime's dangerousness, the victim's cognitive appraisal of the crime's dangerousness, the type of crime experienced, and the cumulative impact of crimes occurring throughout the victim's lifetime. Subjects were 295 women who had been victims of one or more crimes of rape, attempted rape, molestation, attempted molestation, other sexual assault, aggravated assault, robbery, or burglary. Objective and subjective indicators of dangerousness were reported for subjects' first victimization, most recent victimization, and worst victimization. For subjects who had experienced more than one crime, a cumulative lifetime index of victimization effects was created. Subjects also reported demographic data and were classified by a clinical psychologist as having had PTSD, never having had PTSD, currently having PTSD, or currently PTSD-free. Analysis of data revealed that: (1) developing PTSD could be predicted by type of crime, objective threat, and cognitive appraisal of threat; (2) rape appeared to be more stressful than other crimes and to have more persistent effects; and (3) type of threat and number of rapes both had a positive cumulative effect on the probability that PTSD would be developed and sustained. (NB)


Sponsoring Agency: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.

Contract Number: 84-IJ-CX-0039.

ERIC Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (7th, San Francisco, CA, March 5-8, l986).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Crime.  |  Females.  |  Rape.  |  Sexual Abuse.  |  Stealing.  |  Stress Variables.  |  Victims of Crime.  |  Violence.  |  Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Form/genre Reports, Research.  |  Speeches/Meeting Papers.
Available From ERIC 


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