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Levels of Phonological Awareness [microform] / Rebecca Treiman
Bib ID 5483553
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Treiman, Rebecca
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1987 
21 p. 

While previous studies have investigated children's awareness of two units within words--syllables and phonemes, there is experimental evidence that children are also aware of intrasyllabic units (units intermediate in size between the syllable and the phoneme), and that these units may be useful for teaching phonological awareness and reading. Two experiments investigated children's awareness of phonemes and of two intrasyllabic units, onset (the initial consonant or consonant cluster) and rime (the vowel and any following consonants) in spoken words. Fifty-six kindergarten students participated in the first experiment, and results indicated that while they were aware of both syllables and intrasyllabic units in a word comparison task, they were not aware of phonemes in the same task. Results of the second experiment, in which 20 first grade students compared words differing only in onset complexity, yielded similar results, which again indicates that children find it easier to divide syllables into onsets and rimes than into phonemes. The findings suggest that word segmentation instruction should be sequenced with syllable segmentation instruction and precede instruction in onset and rime segmentation, leaving phoneme segmentation instruction last. Findings also suggest that the ideal approach to reading instruction is a compromise between the whole word approach, which ignores children's ability to segment words, and the phonics approach, which over-emphasizes phonemic segmentation. (References, figures, and tables conclude the document.) (SKC)


ERIC Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, DC, April 20-24, 1987).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Beginning Reading.  |  Decoding (Reading)  |  Language Acquisition.  |  Language Research.  |  Linguistics.  |  Phonemes.  |  Phonics.  |  Phonology.  |  Primary Education.  |  Reading Ability.  |  Reading Instruction.  |  Reading Processes.  |  Reading Research.  |  Sight Method.  |  Syllables.  |  Teaching Methods.  |  Syllabication Ability
Form/genre Reports, Research.  |  Speeches/Meeting Papers.
Available From ERIC 


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