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Writing to Study and Learn [microform] / Judith A. Langer
Bib ID 5494005
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Langer, Judith A
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1986 
58 p. 
Summary

Two studies examined the effects of writing on subject learning. For the first study, 322 ninth and eleventh grade students read passages from high school social studies and science texts and engaged in six writing-to-study conditions. Students who wrote essays scored lower on immediate topic knowledge posttests, while the students who used study methods other than essay writing had the greatest gains on the immediate posttest, but also the greatest falling off at the 4-week posttest. The second study focused on the relationship between what writers do during different writing tasks and recall. Ninth and eleventh graders (N=110) read two passages from the first study and engaged in four writing-to-study tasks. Findings indicated that the writing conditions led to greater recall of content than the non-writing condition, and that the more the content was manipulated during writing, the better it was recalled. Together, both studies indicate that tasks such as question answering and notetaking involve a superficial manipulation of content and lead to extensive but short-lived learning, while the analytic writing tasks involve a greater depth of processing and lead to longer term learning of a smaller band of information. (Author/SRT)

Notes

Sponsoring Agency: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.

Contract Number: NIE-G-82-0027.

Teachers.

Practitioners.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Content Area Reading.  |  Content Area Writing.  |  High Schools.  |  Information Processing.  |  Learning Activities.  |  Learning Processes.  |  Reading Comprehension.  |  Reading Research.  |  Reading Writing Relationship.  |  Recall (Psychology)  |  Study Skills.  |  Writing Research.  |  Writing to Study
Form/genre Reports, Research.
Other authors/contributors Stanford Univ., CA. School of Education
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mc 2253 ED297316 Main Reading Room - Newspapers and Family History
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