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Mediators of Stress and Role Satisfaction in Multiple Role Persons [microform] / Laura A. Hammond and Margaret L. Fong
Bib ID 5499964
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Hammond, Laura A
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1988 
42 p. 

There is research support of the hypothesis that engaging in multiple roles yields better health and greater life satisfaction, and there is support of the hypothesis that multiple role involvement leads to symptoms of role strain. No study has employed a comprehensive model to address the impact of multiple roles or attempted to identify potential mediating factors which could account for both beneficial and negative outcomes. This study examined role and life satisfaction and stress in men and women involved in multiple life roles and explored the mediating effects of coping strategies, hardiness, social support, and gender on these levels of stress and satisfaction. A sample of 102 male and 111 female university faculty, research scientists, and administrators involved in multiple role lifestyles completed questionnaires assessing these variables. Participants reported relatively low levels of stress and moderately high levels of satisfaction with their roles. Men and women differed significantly on several of the variables (p<.05). Regressions analyses revealed that the various forms of satisfaction were significantly predicted by hardiness, social support, and coping strategies (p<.05). Stress was significantly related to lack of hardiness and use of avoidance coping strategies for men and women (p<.001). These findings have implications for counseling multiple role men and women. (Author/NB)


ERIC Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (96th, Atlanta, GA, August 12-16, 1988).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Administrators.  |  Adults.  |  College Faculty.  |  Coping.  |  Higher Education.  |  Life Satisfaction.  |  Researchers.  |  Role Conflict.  |  Role Perception.  |  Sex Differences.  |  Social Support Groups.  |  Multiple Roles Role Satisfaction
Form/genre Reports, Research.  |  Speeches/Meeting Papers.
Other authors/contributors Fong, Margaret L., author
Available From ERIC 


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