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The Cognitive Roots of Scientific and Mathematical Ability and Discussant Reaction [microform] : Alternative Representations: A Key to Academic Talent? / D. N. Perkins and Rebecca Simmons
Bib ID 5504830
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Perkins, D. N
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1988 
45 p. 
Summary

This paper examines the cognitive structures and processes that mediate mathematical and scientific ability. Ability is divided into achieved abilities and precursor abilities. Identified concepts in the area of achieved ability include expertise, understanding, and problem-solving. Other abilities can be seen as precursors to such achieved abilities, and can offer some prediction and explanation of why those achievements came about. Candidate precursor abilities include general intelligence, multiple intelligences, the triarchic theory of intelligence, and developmental level. Implications for educational practice and research are discussed, focusing on selection of talent and instructional practice. Ruth Day offers a reaction to the paper, titled "Alternative Representations: A Key to Academic Talent?." The reaction paper describes research which found that speed and accuracy in learning can be affected by the method used to represent concepts in learning, such as two-dimensional forms of three-dimensional molecules, computer cells, and computerized text editing commands. Edward Zigler offers another view in "Cognitive Theory of Academic Talent," which discusses the importance of the social and biological context of cognitive development, rate of cognitive development, creativity versus intelligence, motivation, competitiveness, etc. (JDD)

Notes

Sponsoring Agency: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.

Contract Number: 400-83-0041.

ERIC Note: In: Dreyden, Julia I. Ed.; And Others. Developing Talent in Mathematics, Science and Technology: A Conference on Academic Talent (Durham, North Carolina, March 28-30, 1988); see EC 220 285.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Ability Identification.  |  Academic Ability.  |  Academically Gifted.  |  Cognitive Ability.  |  Elementary Secondary Education.  |  Higher Education.  |  Intelligence.  |  Mathematics Achievement.  |  Problem Solving.  |  Scientific Literacy.
Form/genre Speeches/Meeting Papers.  |  Opinion Papers.
Other authors/contributors Simmons, Rebecca, author  |  Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Graduate School of Education
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