National Library of Australia

Due to the need to contain the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) the Library building and reading rooms are closed to visitors until further notice.
The health and safety of our community is of great importance to us and we look forward to staying connected with you online.

<< Previous record  /  Next record >>
Record 194 of 652
You must be logged in to Tag Records
Some Properties of Bilingual Maintenance and Loss in Mexican Background High School Students [microform] / Kenji Hakuta and Daniel D'Andrea
Bib ID 5520239
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Hakuta, Kenji
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1990 
55 p. 

Properties of maintenance and loss of Spanish/English bilingualism were investigated in 308 high school students of Mexican background. Key variables investigated included: (1) actual and self-reported proficiencies in Spanish and English; (2) self-reported language choice behavior in various settings; and (3) language attitude. The biggest difference in Spanish proficiency was found between the student born in the United States of parents born in Mexico, and the student whose parents were born in the United States. Maintenance of Spanish proficiency was associated mainly with adult language practice in the home, and was not predicted by the subjects' choice of language outside the home or by language attitude. In turn, adult language choice was found to be affected by the demographic fact of immigration, the adult's ability to use English in the home, and increasing distance in the familial social ties to Mexico. Outside the home, language choice showed rapid and constant shift toward English, unrelated to Spanish proficiency but predicted by the subjects' language attitudes. Language attitude also appeared to contaminate self-reported proficiency in both Spanish and English. Finally, testing suggests that attrition of Spanish is best characterized as difficulty of retrieval rather than total loss. (Author/MSE)


May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Bilingualism.  |  English.  |  Family Environment.  |  Family Relationship.  |  High School Students.  |  High Schools.  |  Immigrants.  |  Language Attitudes.  |  Language Maintenance.  |  Language Proficiency.  |  Language Research.  |  Language Role.  |  Language Tests.  |  Mexican Americans.  |  Spanish.  |  Trend Analysis.  |  Language Choice
Form/genre Reports, Research.
Other authors/contributors D'Andrea, Daniel, author
Available From ERIC 


In the Library

Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. To learn more about how to request items watch this short online video Help Video.

Details Collect From
mc 2253 ED321582 Main Reading Room - Newspapers and Family History
This item may be online. Please search the ERIC website prior to requesting this microfiche item.

Order a copy

- Copyright or permission restrictions may apply. We will contact you if necessary.

Help Video To learn more about Copies Direct watch this short online video Help Video.
close Can I borrow items from the Library?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

close What can I get online?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

close Can I get copies of items from the Library?

You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

You can view this on the NLA website.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Flags
Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. Please also be aware that you may see certain words or descriptions in this catalogue which reflect the author’s attitude or that of the period in which the item was created and may now be considered offensive.