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The Dynamics of Academic Productivity. A Seminar (Denver, Colorado, March 2, 1990) [microform] / William F. Massy and Robert Zemsky
Bib ID 5525832
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Massy, William F
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1990 
47 p. 

This report is an edited version of the transcript of a seminar held to explore the problem of increasing costs and defining productivity in higher education. The main paper, by William Massey, presents a conceptual model explaining the forces driving up costs in academic departments of institutions of higher education. Under the model there have been increases in curriculum specialization and unsponsored research activity and declines in curriculum structure and the quality of undergraduate teaching. The paper recommends changes in structure, curriculum, and financial incentives. Indicators, discussed and illustrated with graphs, show that costs per student are going up; tuition and fees are rising faster than inflation; and state appropriations have not kept up with costs. Five reasons for cost increases some familiar and some not, are: regulation and micro-management; "cost disease"; "growth force"; "organizational slack"; and "output creep." Output creep is analyzed in terms of process dynamics, winners and losers, the ratchet relationship between teaching load and departmental research, destructuring the curriculum, and curriculum structure and cost. Four necessary conditions for change are identified: strategic thinking; incentives, recognition, rewards; individual and group empowerment; and firm constraints on available resources. State higher education executive officers are encouraged to stress growth by substitution; link incentives to substitution; empower institutions and avoid micro-management; and be as clear as possible about future resource availability. A reaction by Robert Zemsky and a discussion are included. (DB)


Availability: State Higher Education Executive Officers Association, 707-17th St., Suite 2700, Denver, CO 80202-3427 ($10.00).




May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Change Strategies.  |  College Administration.  |  Cost Effectiveness.  |  Curriculum Development.  |  Higher Education.  |  Inflation (Economics)  |  Models.  |  Productivity.  |  Program Costs.  |  Retrenchment.  |  State Aid.  |  Student Costs.  |  Trend Analysis.
Form/genre Opinion Papers.  |  Collected Works, Proceedings.
Other authors/contributors Zemsky, Robert, author  |  State Higher Education Executive Officers Association
Available From ERIC 


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