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Literature Instruction in American Schools. Report Series 1.4 [microform] / Arthur N. Applebee
Bib ID 5532352
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Applebee, Arthur N
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1990 
148 p. 

A study portrayed the methods and materials used in literature instruction in schools in a representative sample of schools nationally. It examined the contrasts among groups of schools that might be expected to differ in their approaches to the teaching of literature, and provided a portrait of "typical" practice. A random sample of 650 secondary schools, representing 82% of those contacted, participated in a survey of current practice in the teaching of literature. The schools were divided among five independent samples, including a representative sample of public schools, two samples of schools with award-winning programs and two nationally representative samples of private school traditions. Results indicated that: (1) in general, teachers of English are experienced and well-prepared; (2) the award-winning schools were disproportionately suburban; (3) literature has maintained its central place in the English curriculum, in spite of recent reforms focusing on the teaching of writing; (4) the English curriculum is dominated by familiar selections drawn primarily from a white, male, Anglo-Saxon tradition and chosen by the teacher from a literature anthology; (5) the typical high school literature class places heavy emphasis on whole-class discussions of text that all students read; (6) writing and literature are not independent components of the teaching of English; and (7) school library collections have been strengthened over the past 25 years but considerable room for improvement remains. Findings suggest that the teaching of literature is a relatively traditional enterprise. (Eighty-three tables of data are included; 54 references and the survey instruments are attached.) (RS)


Availability: Literature Center, University at Albany Ed b-9, 1400 Washington Ave., Albany, NY 12222.

Sponsoring Agency: National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC.

Sponsoring Agency: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.

Contract Number: G008720278.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Educational Research.  |  English Instruction.  |  Literature Appreciation.  |  National Surveys.  |  School Libraries.  |  School Surveys.  |  Secondary Education.  |  Teaching Methods.  |  Aesthetic Reading Educational Issues
Form/genre Reports, Research.
Other authors/contributors Center for the Learning and Teaching of Literature, Albany, NY
Available From ERIC 


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