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Changing Classroom Tasks and Interaction Patterns [microform] : The "Heart of the Matter" of Restructuring / Robert J. Marzano
Bib ID 5536581
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Marzano, Robert J
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1990 
16 p. 

At the heart of the matter of restructuring American education is the goal of enhancing students' abilities to process complex content in cognitively sophisticated ways. To accomplish this goal, two sub-goals must be met: infusing knowledge application tasks across the curriculum; and changing the interaction patterns between teachers and students. Knowledge application tasks that reinforce the processing of complex content in cognitively sophisticated ways have certain characteristics. They are production oriented (producing rather than retrieving knowledge), partially specified, multi-dimensional, long-term, and student directed. Infusing these tasks would require restructuring the curriculum from emphasizing covering information to using information and from isolated facts to"big ideas." Infusing these tasks would also require that assessment emphasize the mental processes students engage in while accomplishing the tasks, as well as the products of those mental processes. The role of the teacher needs to be changed from a presenter of information to the teacher as a mediator of learning. The workshop approach is an instructional format that facilitates the one-to-one teacher student interaction important in the teacher as mediator approach. The workshop approach prescribes that the class period should be divided into three components: a mini-lesson, an activity period, and a sharing period. Accomplishing these goals will require changes in current educational practice that cut across curriculum, assessment, and instruction. (A figure listing steps involved in multi-dimensional tasks, a figure containing examples of application tasks useful in a science class, and 27 references are attached.) (RS)


Sponsoring Agency: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.

Contract Number: 400-86-0002.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Critical Thinking.  |  Educational Change.  |  Elementary Secondary Education.  |  Instructional Improvement.  |  Student Evaluation.  |  Teacher Role.  |  Teacher Student Relationship.  |  Thinking Skills.  |  Educational Restructuring  |  Knowledge Development
Form/genre Opinion Papers.  |  Guides, Non-Classroom.
Other authors/contributors Mid-Continent Regional Educational Lab., Aurora, CO
Available From ERIC 


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