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Mental Health Providers and Child Abuse [microform] : An Analysis of the Decision to Report / Wesley B. Crenshaw and James W. Lichtenberg
Bib ID 5537738
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Crenshaw, Wesley B
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1990 
79 p. 

When deciding to report cases of child abuse, Mental Health Providers (MHPs) must confront legal mandates, concerns for client welfare, and a series of systemic and ethical issues. All 51 jurisdictions in the United States require MHPs to report suspected or known child abuse to appropriate authorities, with criminal penalties for noncompliance. However, research suggests mandatory reporting laws are not universally obeyed. This study examined the child abuse reporting tendencies of MHPs. The Crenshaw Abuse Reporting Survey (CARS) was given to 452 Kansas MHPs. Discriminant analysis and chi-square statistics yielded the following results: (1) knowledge of reporting laws was greater than in previous studies and nearly uniform across respondents; (2) MHPs are supportive of reporting laws, though the majority expressed at least some reservations over the laws; (3) the propensity to report a known physical abuse scenario had increased significantly since previous studies, but was still not uniform across respondents; (4) the propensity to report differed across MHP profession and gender; (5) the majority of MHPs tended not to forewarn clients of the limits of confidentiality until they suspected abuse; (6) a hierarchy of abuse reporting emerged with a scenario of known sexual abuse most often reported, followed by known physical abuse, suspected sexual abuse and emotional abuse; and (7) reporting tendencies were predicted with 81-92 percent accuracy based on a composite of decisional items. A list of 22 references is included and 16 data tables are attached. (Author/LLL)


Sponsoring Agency: Kansas State Dept. of Social and Rehabilitation Services, Topeka.

ERIC Note: Small/light type may affect legibility of tables.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Child Abuse.  |  Confidentiality.  |  Counselors.  |  Family Violence.  |  Mental Health Workers.  |  Sexual Abuse.  |  Kansas
Form/genre Reports, Research.
Other authors/contributors Lichtenberg, James W., author
Available From ERIC 


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