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Discussion as Exploration [microform] : Literature and the Horizon of Possibilities. Report Series 6.3 / Judith A. Langer
Bib ID 5551122
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Langer, Judith A
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1991 
21 p. 

Concerned with redefining instructional theory related to the teaching and learning processes in literature, this paper concentrates on articulating principles underlying literature instruction that can be taught in methods courses and that can become the framework that teachers internalize and use to make daily decisions about their teaching and their students' learning. The paper first points out that reader-based instructional goals are difficult to attain because the field of English education has not yet developed instructional approaches that lead to such endpoints. Drawing on the results of two related sets of studies, the paper argues that what "works" in the classroom usually takes place during discussion (both when the teacher is involved and when students work in groups), and that the most productive literary reasoning students do during those discussions involves the exploration of possibilities. The paper then records two eleventh-grade discussion lessons (one on "Tularecito" and one on "The Great Gatsby") as examples. According to the paper, The "Tularecito" lesson is controlled by the teacher, who bases her decisions about what to talk about on a close reading of the text; the "Gatsby" lesson, on the other hand, shows how discussion can be used to move student thinking along and to explore a horizon of possibilities. The paper suggests that it is this latter notion of discussion that needs to be at the center of the reform movement in literature. Thirty-four references are attached. (NKA)


Sponsoring Agency: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.

Contract Number: R117G10015.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Case Studies.  |  Classroom Communication.  |  Classroom Research.  |  Critical Reading.  |  Discussion (Teaching Technique)  |  English Instruction.  |  Grade 11.  |  High Schools.  |  Instructional Improvement.  |  Literary Criticism.  |  Reader Text Relationship.  |  Teacher Role.  |  Teacher Student Relationship.  |  Aesthetic Reading Great Gatsby Tularecito
Form/genre Reports, Evaluative.  |  Opinion Papers.
Other authors/contributors National Research Center on Literature Teaching and Learning, Albany, NY
Available From ERIC 


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