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Inequality in Language [microform] : Taking for Granted / Dell Hymes
Bib ID 5555127
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Hymes, Dell
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1992 
31 p. 
Summary

Social meaning includes evaluation of languages themselves. Linguists often say all languages are equal. This is true in regard to potential, not true of actual state. All varieties of language share with pidgins and creoles the condition of being the result of a particular history of use, specialization, elaboration, and loss. A conversational narrative from northeastern Philadelphia is analyzed, showing implicit interlocking patterns of a kind pervasive in Native American languages of the Columbia River and found as well in song texts of the Finnish Kalevala tradition. The role of tense alternation is detailed. Such patterning adds to what can be known of universal properties of discourse. It can enhance respect for disregarded languages and varieties, and, for Native American texts, be a form of repatriation. Members of narrative communities can share in such analysis; indeed, much that linguists discover and take for granted can be liberating for those to whom it is unknown. Such knowledge, what can be called "elementary linguistics," should be part of general education. (Author/JL)

Notes

ERIC Note: For serial issue from which this paper is analyzed, see FL 020 500.

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics, v8 n1 p1-30 Spr 1992.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects American Indian Languages.  |  Communication (Thought Transfer)  |  Finnish.  |  Foreign Countries.  |  Language Patterns.  |  Language Variation.  |  Linguistic Theory.  |  Oral Language.  |  Tenses (Grammar)  |  Uncommonly Taught Languages.  |  Conversational Analysis Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)  |  Native Americans
Form/genre Reports, Research.
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