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Teacher and Student Roles in Different Types of Classroom Discussions [microform] / M. D. Gall and Joyce P. Gall
Bib ID 5559480
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Gall, M. D
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1993 
16 p. 

Different kinds of discussion methods have been developed to help students achieve different kinds of instructional objectives. The following discussion methods are analyzed from the perspective of the role demands that they make of students and teachers: (1) cooperative learning discussions; (2) the subject mastery discussion method; and (3) issues-oriented discussions. Developers of all three methods strongly recommend training students and teachers in their respective roles, and manuals have been prepared to specify role behaviors. In cooperative learning or in subject mastery discussions, the teacher is a resource expert and process observer, rather than a participant, but in issues-oriented discussion, the teacher participates as a moderator. When student discussions do not go well, there may be many explanations, such as role complexity, ambiguity about the nature of knowing, or ambiguity about the curriculum. Analysis of discussion methods indicates that they are most appropriate for helping students construct personal understandings of academic content. Three tables summarize teacher and student role behaviors in the three discussion types. (SLD)


ERIC Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Atlanta, GA, April 12-16, 1993).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Classroom Techniques.  |  Constructivism (Learning)  |  Cooperative Learning.  |  Discussion (Teaching Technique)  |  Elementary School Students.  |  Elementary School Teachers.  |  Elementary Secondary Education.  |  Group Discussion.  |  Mastery Learning.  |  Secondary School Students.  |  Secondary School Teachers.  |  Student Role.  |  Teacher Role.  |  Learning Through Discussion
Form/genre Reports, Evaluative.  |  Speeches/Meeting Papers.
Other authors/contributors Gall, Joyce P., author
Available From ERIC 


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