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European Models of Bilingual Education [microform] : Practice, Theory and Development / Hugo Baetens Beardsmore
Bib ID 5562101
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Baetens Beardsmore, Hugo
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1992 
23 p. 

Discussion of multilingual education looks at three European models, each designed for a different population, and compares them with the Canadian immersion model. The models are: (1) trilingual education applied to the entire school population of Luxembourg; (2) multilingual education in the nine-institution, five-city European School network, intended for children of European civil servants; and (3) the Foyer Project in Brussels (Belgium) to enable immigrant populations to benefit from mainstream education in a bilingual city. In each European model, at least three languages are involved. It is concluded that all four models show how different program designs can produce high levels of language proficiency, that such proficiency is tempered by contextual more than program variables, and that the former play a considerable role in determining achievement. Common variables seen as contributing to success include: focus on relevant language input and output; teachers highly proficient in the target language; strong encouragement of parental involvement in and understanding of the specificity of bilingual education; and early emphasis on first-language literacy. A major difference between the Canadian and European models is that in the latter, the target language is taught as a subject prior to its introduction as a medium of instruction, then in parallel. (MSE)


ERIC Note: Paper presented at the Conference on Bilingualism and National Development (Darussalam, Brunei, December 1991).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Bilingual Education.  |  Comparative Analysis.  |  Comparative Education.  |  Educational Trends.  |  Elementary Secondary Education.  |  Foreign Countries.  |  Immersion Programs.  |  Language of Instruction.  |  Language Proficiency.  |  Literacy Education.  |  Models.  |  Multilingualism.  |  Program Descriptions.  |  Program Design.  |  Standards.  |  Teacher Qualifications.  |  Trend Analysis.  |  Europe  |  Canada Luxembourg
Form/genre Reports, Descriptive.  |  Speeches/Meeting Papers.
Available From ERIC 


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