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State-Level Vocational Administrator Perceptions Relevant to Career-Oriented Education in the Middle Grades. Summary of Research 74 [microform] / R. Kirby Barrick and Matthew Hughes
Bib ID 5570076
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Barrick, R. Kirby
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1994 
10 p. 

A survey was conducted to determine the status of career-oriented education programs at the middle-grade level and perceptions of state education agency officials with responsibilities in the program areas. Mailed questionnaires were returned by 43 (86 percent) state directors of education and 290 (82 percent) supervisors in 8 career-oriented program areas. Findings indicated most states offered career-oriented programs at the middle-grade level, but very little enrollment data were available. The programs were aimed primarily at career exploration and development of practical skills. Teachers in any of the program areas were rarely required to be certified specifically in middle-grade education, although many states required certification in a vocational education area. Local and state funding sources were used more than federal sources. Most directors and supervisors believed that career-oriented programs should provide students opportunities to explore careers and personal interests, assess occupational aptitudes, and apply knowledge through hands-on activities; they felt that middle-grade vocational student organizations (VSOs) should develop students' leadership and social skills. Respondents were not fully supportive of competition in middle-grade VSOs. Implications were drawn for future research, teacher preparation, certification requirements, and material development. (Contains 15 references.) (YLB)


May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Administrator Attitudes.  |  Career Education.  |  Career Exploration.  |  Educational Finance.  |  Educational Policy.  |  Educational Research.  |  Intermediate Grades.  |  Junior High Schools.  |  Middle Schools.  |  State Departments of Education.  |  State Government.  |  Student Organizations.  |  Student Participation.  |  Teacher Certification.  |  Technology Education.  |  Vocational Directors.  |  Vocational Education.
Form/genre Reports, Research.
Other authors/contributors Hughes, Matthew, author  |  Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Dept. of Agricultural Education
Available From ERIC 


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