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Special Education in Rural Areas [microform] : Validation of Critical Issues by Selected State Directors of Special Education. Final Report / Joy Hicks
Bib ID 5578214
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Hicks, Joy
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1994 
19 p. 

This report summarizes the results of an issue validation activity regarding the provision of special education programs and services to students with disabilities in rural areas. Eight state directors of special education served on a communication panel to provide feedback on identified rural issues. They represented the states of Maryland, West Virginia, Texas, South Dakota, Maine, Utah, and New Mexico. The first section of this report characterizes rural America, with a discussion of definition, defining features, nature of the economy, employment and per capita income, and poverty. The next section identifies the population and characteristics of students with disabilities residing in rural areas. Section 3 describes the project's process in forming the questions and obtaining feedback on rural special education issues identified through a literature review. State directors agreed that the most prevalent issues for this population included the following: (1) recruitment and retention of personnel; (2) transportation; (3) language minority and limited English proficient students; (4) low incomes and poverty; (5) geographic isolation; (6) declining economies including high rates of unemployment; (7) financial burden of unfunded or underfunded state and federal mandates; (8) competing priorities; (9) poor fiscal management; and (10) parent involvement. Additional financial support was the most common recommendation of state directors. (Contains 28 references.) (DB)


Sponsoring Agency: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.

Contract Number: HS92015001.

ERIC Note: Prepared by Project FORUM.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Administrator Attitudes.  |  Disabilities.  |  Educational Needs.  |  Elementary Secondary Education.  |  Needs Assessment.  |  Rural Areas.  |  Rural Education.  |  Special Education.  |  Special Education Directors
Form/genre Reports, Evaluative.
Other authors/contributors National Association of State Directors of Special Education, Alexandria, VA
Available From ERIC 


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