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A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Department Chair Stress in Australia and the United States. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper [microform] / Walter H. Gmelch and Others
Bib ID 5601724
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Gmelch, Walter H
Online Versions
Description [S.l.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1996 
52 p. 

A three-phase study examined department chair stress as a multidimensional construct with links to multiple variables and consisting of three phases: American, Australian, and cross-cultural. In this study of the third-phase, researchers conducted cross-cultural comparisons of department chair stress factors, perceptions, and consequences using the data sets generated in the study's previous two phases. Study findings indicate that the personal and professional profile of Australian department chairs resembles that of their United States counterparts. In this cross-cultural study, each of the reported stress dimensions (faculty role, administrative relationship, role ambiguity, perceived expectations, and administrative task) reflects a different pattern of influence. For example, the administrative relationships dimension is more stressful for Australian chairs while Americans suffer greater pressure from administrative task stress. As a result, macro-level strategies must vary by country and ultimately by institution. Further, national differences such as the recent national consolidation of institutions in Australia also may cause different stresses on chairs than those in the U.S. Department chair stress comes in many forms and is influenced by multiple sources with different strategies required for the separate dimensions of stress in order to make a more manageable environment for department chairs. (Contains 76 references.) (JLS)


ERIC Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (21st, Memphis, TN, October 31 - November 3, 1996).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Administrator Role.  |  Attitudes.  |  College Faculty.  |  Cross Cultural Studies.  |  Cultural Differences.  |  Department Heads.  |  Foreign Countries.  |  Higher Education.  |  Job Satisfaction.  |  Multiple Regression Analysis.  |  National Surveys.  |  Research Universities.  |  Role Conflict.  |  Role Perception.  |  Stress Management.  |  Stress Variables.  |  ASHE Annual Meeting Australia
Form/genre Reports, Research.  |  Speeches/Meeting Papers.
Available From ERIC 


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