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Children's Understanding of Biological Inheritance [microform] : Nature, Nurture, and Essentialism / Karen D. Horobin
Bib ID 5604579
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Horobin, Karen D
 
Online Versions
Description [S.l.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1997 
25 p. 
Summary

This study examining children's understanding of biological inheritance addressed four central questions: (1) are young children able to distinguish between the relative influences of nature and nurture in their understanding of how physical characteristics versus behaviors and preferences develop in animals? (2) does children's understanding of the location of prenatal growth have any impact on their expectations for parent-offspring resemblances? (3) what role is played by psychological essentialism in children's understanding of inheritance? and (4) when do children provide specifically biological explanations that are clearly differentiated from any beliefs they may have about nonbiological causes? A total of 64 kindergarten through third grade children participated, with 16 at each grade level. Individual interviews were used to assess understanding of biological inheritance in the context of illustrated stories about animal offspring born and raised under four conditions, normal biological parentage and rearing, adoptive rearing, inter-uterine transplant parentage and rearing with own species, and inter-uterine transplant parentage and rearing with transplant species. Results indicated that children thought it most likely that offspring would resemble their original species, in both physical and behavioral characteristics, under all conditions. There were also some indications that the transplant conditions were perceived by children as having biological implications for inheritance. Patterns of ratings for choices, and the children's explanations, were consistent with a psychological essentialist view of the transmission of characteristics in animal species. (Contains 14 references.) (KDFB)

Notes

ERIC Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (62nd, Washington, DC, April 3-6, 1997).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Animals.  |  Behavior.  |  Biological Influences.  |  Children.  |  Cognitive Development.  |  Heredity.  |  Nature Nurture Controversy.  |  Perinatal Influences.  |  Physical Characteristics.  |  Essentialism Fetal Development
Form/genre Speeches/Meeting Papers.  |  Reports, Research.
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