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What's Happening in School-to-Work Programs? [microform] / Bettina Lankard Brown
Bib ID 5611926
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Brown, Bettina Lankard
Online Versions
Description [S.l.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1998 
4 p. 

ERIC Digest ; No. 190.


The School-to-Work Opportunities Act, which was designed to improve student learning, in-school retention, and transition to the workplace, requires the restructuring of secondary education and the extensive involvement of business in preparing youth for the workplace. School-to-work initiatives reflect the conditions of the settings and contexts in which they are introduced. School-to-work initiatives may be characterized as follows: an identifiable formal part of a secondary and/or postsecondary curriculum; active participation of employers; actual or simulated on-the-job experience, and formal or informal certification of skills. Reviews and syntheses of the school-to-work literature have identified the characteristics of effective school-to-work initiatives as they relate to overall system development, partnerships, commitment, funding, guidance, and classroom and worksite activities. Teacher practices that have had a significant effect on students and classrooms have also been identified. Negative attitudes of employers, parents, postsecondary institutions, and teachers toward school-to-work initiatives are among the biggest barriers to successful initiatives. Recommendations for improving school-to-work efforts include the following: recruit enough employers who are willing to provide work-based learning opportunities; give teachers the time, resources, and support required to connect school- and work-based learning; inform parents about the objectives of school-to-work initiatives; and foster high school students' vocational maturity. (MN)


Sponsoring Agency: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.

Contract Number: RR93002001.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Education Work Relationship.  |  Educational Legislation.  |  Educational Philosophy.  |  Educational Practices.  |  Federal Legislation.  |  Postsecondary Education.  |  Program Effectiveness.  |  Program Improvement.  |  Secondary Education.  |  Transitional Programs.  |  ERIC Digests School to Work Opportunities Act 1994
Form/genre ERIC Publications.  |  ERIC Digests in Full Text.
Other authors/contributors ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education
Available From ERIC 


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