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Designing Title I Schoolwide Programs [microform] : A Comparison of Three Urban Districts / Gail L. Sunderman
Bib ID 5630736
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Sunderman, Gail L
Online Versions
Description [Washington D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1999 
91 p. 

This paper examines how the federal accountability mandates affect the design and implementation of schoolwide programs under Title I of the Improving America's Schools Act. It considers the policies adopted by states and districts to meet the accountability mandates, and it examines, at the school level, how the implementation of an accountability framework affects the development of curriculum and instructional processes that allow teachers to work with students at different ability levels. The paper uses data from case studies of Ohio, Illinois, and Michigan, and three districts (Cleveland, Chicago, and Detroit, respectively) to examine these questions. The first section outlines the theoretical perspective of the research. The second describes the research design, and the third presents the findings. At state, district, and school levels there was a reliance on structural (organizational) changes of outcome controls to create pressure and place constraints on schools. These states and school districts incorporated the federal expectations into their accountability systems by adopting performance and content standards, core curriculum frameworks, and assessment systems. Schools were most likely to rely on organizational changes to accommodate the accountability mandates. Schools in Detroit were less likely to make the organizational changes that were observed in Chicago or Cleveland. The focus on standards-based reform has led to a more integrated approach to curriculum and assessment in Ohio and Illinois, but many questions remain about the implementation and effectiveness of standards-based reform. An appendix contains tables of study results for each school district. (Contains 12 tables and 23 references.) (SLD)


Sponsoring Agency: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.

Contract Number: R117D-40005.

Contract Number: RJ96006301.

ERIC Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 19-23, 1999).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Accountability.  |  Case Studies.  |  Compensatory Education.  |  Curriculum Development.  |  Educational Change.  |  Educational Policy.  |  Elementary Secondary Education.  |  Federal Government.  |  Instruction.  |  Program Development.  |  Program Implementation.  |  School Districts.  |  State Government.  |  Urban Schools.  |  Improving Americas Schools Act 1994 Title I  |  Chicago Public Schools IL Cleveland Public Schools OH Detroit Public Schools MI
Form/genre Reports, Research.  |  Speeches/Meeting Papers.
Other authors/contributors Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for Social Organization of Schools
Available From ERIC 


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