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Empirical Validation of the First Steps Reading Continuum [microform]
Bib ID 5665592
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1993 
75 p. 

First Steps is a program instituted by the Western Australia Ministry of Education to improve the literacy and numeracy of primary school students, particularly those at risk of academic failure. First Steps is organized around reading, writing, spelling, and oral language; children's skills are organized along developmental continua. These continua are an ordered series of statements describing behaviors children exhibit as they develop literacy skills. This report studies the Reading Developmental Continuum empirically and presents the responses of classroom teachers toward the continuum. Data for the validation of the continuum were provided by teachers of kindergarten, and Years 1, 3, 5, and 7 from a sample of Western Australia schools. Useable data were provided by 36 teachers, each of whom evaluated the position of up to 10 students in their class according to the continuum. Teachers also responded to questions about the indicators for the continuum. Overall, there was a high level of understanding of the indicators. The Reading Development Continuum was thought to depict the order of development of literacy accurately, with two problem areas identified: (1) there was overlap in the estimated difficulty of indicators in the Role Play and Experimental phases; and (2) the key indicators of the Role Play Phase were deemed more difficult than those for the developmentally later Experimental Phase. Teachers also reported that the First Steps continua were either helpful or very helpful to them. Four appendixes contain additional data about teacher responses to the indicators of the continuum and the teacher questionnaire. (Contains 12 exhibits and 6 references.) (SLD)


Sponsoring Agency: Western Australia Ministry of Education, Perth. Curriculum Development Branch.

ERIC Note: For related "First Steps" documents, see TM 028 165-170 and TM 028 176.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Child Development.  |  Developmental Stages.  |  Elementary Education.  |  Elementary School Students.  |  Elementary School Teachers.  |  Foreign Countries.  |  High Risk Students.  |  Literacy.  |  Program Evaluation.  |  Reading Achievement.  |  Teacher Attitudes.  |  Continuum Models First Steps Program (Australia)  |  Australia (Western Australia) Impact Evaluation
Form/genre Reports, Evaluative.
Other authors/contributors Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria
Available From ERIC 


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