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The Experiences of Welfare Recipients Who Find Jobs. The National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies [microform] / Karin Martinson
Bib ID 5677991
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Martinson, Karin
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 2000 
63 p. 

As part of the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS), the experiences of welfare recipients who find jobs were studied. The study focused on the employment outcomes of 17,055 program group members from 6 of the 10 NEWWS evaluation sites. Data were obtained from unemployment insurance records and the findings of a survey administered 2 years after random assignment for a subsample of 4,709 program group members. Approximately 80% of the NEWWS sample members worked at some point during the 4-year follow-up period. On average, those individuals who found jobs were employed for just over half the follow-up period. A majority experienced one or two spells of unemployment. Those individuals who worked relatively continuously throughout the follow-up period started working relatively early in the follow-up period and experienced nearly 50% earnings growth over the 4-year period. The following characteristics were associated with success in sustaining employment: higher education and basic skill levels, more recent work history, and fewer personal barriers. Age, ethnicity, marital status and children, depression levels, and prior welfare receipt had small or negligible effects on ability to find and sustain employment. (Eight substantial tables/figures are included. Five additional tables/figures are appended. The bibliography lists 12 references.) (MN)


Availability: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016; Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: For full text: or

Contract Number: HHS-100-89-0030.

ERIC Note: For related studies on the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies, see CE 081 416, CE 081 435, and CE 081 437. Child Trends, a subcontractor, is conducting the Child Outcomes Study, which is funded by the Foundation for Child Development and the William T. Grant Foundation. The Riverside County, California, evaluation is funded by the California Department of Social Services, California State Job Training Coordinating Council, the California Department of Education, and the Ford Foundation.


May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Age Differences.  |  Basic Skills.  |  Client Characteristics (Human Services)  |  Education Work Relationship.  |  Educational Attainment.  |  Employment Level.  |  Employment Patterns.  |  Employment Problems.  |  Employment Programs.  |  Employment Qualifications.  |  Ethnic Groups.  |  Family Work Relationship.  |  Individual Characteristics.  |  Labor Force Development.  |  Labor Turnover.  |  Longitudinal Studies.  |  National Surveys.  |  Outcomes of Education.  |  Program Effectiveness.  |  Public Policy.  |  Salary Wage Differentials.  |  Services.  |  Success.  |  Unemployment.  |  Vocational Education.  |  Welfare Recipients.  |  Work Experience.  |  Welfare to Work Programs  |  Impact Studies National Evaluation of Welfare to Work Strategies
Form/genre Reports, Research.
Other authors/contributors Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC  |  Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Under Secretary  |  Administration for Children and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC  |  Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC  |  Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY
Available From ERIC 


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