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Four-Year Impacts of Ten Programs on Employment Stability and Earnings Growth. The National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies [microform] / Stephen Freedman
Bib ID 5677992
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Freedman, Stephen
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 2000 
63 p. 

The National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies was conducted to explore whether programs examined in the evaluation have helped welfare recipients move into the labor force and remain employed over the long term. As part of the evaluation, a study was conducted to identify the 4-year impacts that 10 programs in 6 sites have had on former welfare recipients' employment stability and earnings growth. Four programs were employment focused, encouraging rapid entry into the labor market in the hope that enrollees would advance to better jobs. The other six programs were education focused. Across all sites, a large majority of control group members worked for pay during the follow-up, but only about 20%-40% experienced stable employment or increased earnings over time. Over 4 years, all four employment-focused programs and four of six education-focused programs increased earnings above control group levels. In general, however, programs had only small effects on measures of stable employment and earnings growth. Despite their emphasis on skill building as a means to finding better jobs, education-focused programs led to only small increases in stable employment and had almost no effect on earnings growth. (Eight substantial tables/figures are included. Eight additional tables/figures are appended. The bibliography lists 12 references.) (MN)


Availability: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016; Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: For full text: or

Contract Number: HHS-100-89-0030.

ERIC Note: For related studies on the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies, see CE 081 415, CE 081 435, and CE 081 437. Child Trends, a subcontractor, is conducting the Child Outcomes Study, which is funded by the Foundation for Child Development and the William T. Grant Foundation. The Riverside County, California, evaluation is funded by the California Department of Social Services, California State Job Training Coordinating Council, the California Department of Education, and the Ford Foundation.


May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Comparative Analysis.  |  Control Groups.  |  Education Work Relationship.  |  Employment Level.  |  Employment Patterns.  |  Employment Problems.  |  Employment Programs.  |  Experimental Groups.  |  Income.  |  Job Placement.  |  Job Skills.  |  Job Training.  |  Labor Turnover.  |  Longitudinal Studies.  |  Matched Groups.  |  National Surveys.  |  Outcomes of Education.  |  Program Effectiveness.  |  Public Policy.  |  Quasiexperimental Design.  |  Salary Wage Differentials.  |  Skill Development.  |  Unemployment.  |  Vocational Education.  |  Welfare Recipients.  |  Welfare to Work Programs  |  California (Riverside) Georgia (Atlanta) Impact Studies Michigan (Detroit) Michigan (Grand Rapids) National Evaluation of Welfare to Work Strategies Ohio (Columbus) Oregon (Portland)
Form/genre Reports, Research.
Other authors/contributors Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Under Secretary  |  Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC  |  Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC  |  Administration for Children and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC  |  Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY
Available From ERIC 


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