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What Works Best for Whom [microform] : Impacts of 20 Welfare-to-Work Programs by Subgroup. Executive Summary. National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies / Charles Michalopoulos and Christine Schwartz
Bib ID 5678005
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Michalopoulos, Charles
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 2000 
30 p. 

The impacts of 20 welfare-to-work programs across the United States were evaluated to determine which clients derive the greatest benefits from different approaches to moving individuals from welfare to work. Of the 20 programs examined, 7 were characterized as employment focused, 5 provided a mix of first activities without an employment focus, 4 were employment focused with a mix of first activities, and 4 were employment focused with job search as the first activity. Measures of psychosocial well-being and barriers to work were typically not strongly related to impacts on earnings. The programs increased earnings about as much for more disadvantaged groups as for less disadvantaged groups. Employment-focused programs tended to be more effective than education-focused programs for the more disadvantaged groups. Programs providing a mix of first activities tended to help the broadest range of people. Although programs that required most individuals to look for work immediately increased earnings faster than programs that directed most participants toward basic education, the differences dissipated over time. It was concluded that the most disadvantaged participants can be helped if resources are targeted toward them and programs are developed to meet their needs. (Sixteen publications from the evaluation are listed.) (MN)


Availability: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016; Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: For full text: p-ExecSumm.htm or p-ExecSumm.pdf.

Contract Number: HHS-100-89-0030.

ERIC Note: Prepared with Diana Adams-Ciardullo. For related studies on the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies, see CE 081 415-416, and CE 081 437. Child Trends, a subcontractor, is conducting the Child Outcomes Study, which is funded by the Foundation for Child Development and the William T. Grant Foundation. The Riverside County, California, evaluation is funded by the California Department of Social Services, California State Job Training Coordinating Council, the California Department of Education, and the Ford Foundation.




May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Adult Education.  |  Basic Skills.  |  Client Characteristics (Human Services)  |  Comparative Analysis.  |  Delivery Systems.  |  Depression (Psychology)  |  Disadvantaged.  |  Education Work Relationship.  |  Educational Strategies.  |  Employment Level.  |  Employment Patterns.  |  Employment Programs.  |  Employment Qualifications.  |  Employment Services.  |  Followup Studies.  |  Job Skills.  |  Job Training.  |  National Surveys.  |  Outcomes of Education.  |  Program Effectiveness.  |  Psychological Patterns.  |  Salary Wage Differentials.  |  Skill Development.  |  Vocational Education.  |  Welfare Recipients.  |  Well Being.  |  Welfare to Work Programs  |  Aid to Families with Dependent Children California Florida Impact Studies Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Program Michigan Minnesota Montana Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
Form/genre Reports, Descriptive.
Other authors/contributors Schwartz, Christine, author  |  Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC  |  Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Under Secretary  |  Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC  |  Administration for Children and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC  |  Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY
Available From ERIC 


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